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  • Special Issue Article   
  • J Clin Exp Pathol 2012, Vol 2(2): 006
  • DOI: 10.4172/2161-0681.S3-006

Detection and Epidemiology of Tick-Borne Pathogens in Free-Ranging Livestock in Mongolia

Papageorgiou Sophia1*, Battsetseg G2, Kass Philip H3 and Foley Janet E1
1Department of Medicine & Epidemiology, University of California, Davis, USA
2Department of Veterinary Ectoparasitology and Protozoology, Institute of Veterinary Medicine, Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia
3Department of Population Health and Reproduction, University of California, Davis, USA
*Corresponding Author : Papageorgiou Sophia, Department of Medicine & Epidemiology, University of California, Davis, USA, Tel: 530-752-1618, Fax: 530-752-0336, Email: [email protected]

Received Date: Nov 20, 2012 / Accepted Date: Jan 08, 2013 / Published Date: Jan 10, 2013

Abstract

Abstract
A cross-sectional epidemiologic investigation was undertaken to identify tick-borne pathogens in Mongolian
livestock across two provinces (aimags) from 2007 to 2008. Serology and PCR were used to identify exposure to and
infection with Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato, Anaplasma phagocytophilum, A. ovis, and spotted fever group rickettsiae
species in the animals sampled. Factors evaluated for association with pathogen prevalence included region, body
condition score, gender, and species. Khuvsgul livestock had high seroprevalence to
A. phagocytophilum (64%), and A. ovis (77%); Khenti livestock had a high exposure to spotted fever group
rickettsiae species (48%). Females and intact males had higher prevalence to A. phagocytophilumthan castrated
males, as did small ruminants compared to cattle and horses. Animals with lower BCS, or animals living at higher
elevations, had a greater prevalence odds of exposure to pathogens for spotted fever group rickettsiae and A. ovis,
respectively. Reports of the newly identified Rickettsia and Borrelia species in the neighbouring provinces of northern
China combined with the data from this study warrant further investigation of tick-borne pathogens to identify reservoir
hosts and infection in Mongolian herders.

Keywords: Anaplasma phagocytophilum, Anaplasma ovis, Borrelia burgdorferi, SFG rickettsiae, Mongolia

Citation: Sophia P, Battsetseg G, Kass Philip H, Foley Janet E (2012) Detection and Epidemiology of Tick-Borne Pathogens in Free-Ranging Livestock in Mongolia. J Clin Exp Pathol S3:006. Doi: 10.4172/2161-0681.S3-006

Copyright: © 2012 Sophia P, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

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