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Effect of common bunt infection on agronomic traits in wheat (<em>Triticum aestivum</em> L.) | OMICS International| Abstract

Journal of Plant Genetics and Breeding
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  • Research Article   
  • J Plant Genet Breed 2018, Vol 2(1): 102

Effect of common bunt infection on agronomic traits in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.)

Amira Mourad1,2*, Ezzat Mahdy2, Bahy Raghib Bakheit2, Atif Abo-Elwafaa2 and P. Stephen Baenziger1
1Department of Agronomy and Horticulture, Plant Science Hall, UNL, , USA
2Agronomy Department, Faculty of Agriculture, Assiut University, Asyut, Egypt
*Corresponding Author : Amira Mourad, Department of Agronomy, Assuit University, Asyut 71526, Egypt, Tel: +2088412891, Email: [email protected]

Received Date: Dec 06, 2017 / Accepted Date: Jan 01, 2018 / Published Date: Jan 15, 2018

Abstract

Common bunt (Caused by Tilletia caries and T. foetida) can greatly reduce wheat grain yield in susceptible cultivars when no fungicidal seed treatments were used. Planting resistance cultivars is beneficial, especially for lowincome farmers who cannot afford seed treatments. In this paper, a set of nine spring genotypes and two winter wheat genotypes were planted in the greenhouse under two common bunt treatments, control and inoculated, to identify the effect of common bunt infection on agronomic traits with the hope of identifying resistance characteristics before plant maturity. Common bunt infection was found to increase the seedling vigour, delay heading, increase head length, increase root length and decrease the biological yield in the susceptible genotypes. The response of the resistant and susceptible genotypes to the common bunt infection was the same for all the studied traits except for the root length. The resistant genotypes were found to have longer roots under common bunt infection than the control. However, the susceptible genotypes did not reveal this response.

Citation: Amira MI Mourad, Mahdy E, Bakheit BR, Abo-Elwafaa A, Baenziger PS (2018) Effect of common bunt infection on agronomic traits in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). J Plant Genet Breed 2: 102.

Copyright: © 2018 Mourad A, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

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