alexa Effect of First Irrigation Period on Sugarcane (Sacchar
ISSN: 2329-8863

Advances in Crop Science and Technology
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Research Article

Effect of First Irrigation Period on Sugarcane (Saccharium officinarium L.) Establishment in the Drought Areas of Tendaho, Ethiopia

Hadush Hagos1*, Leul Mengistu2, Yusuf Kedir3 and Kidane Tesfamicheal1
1Ethiopian Sugar Corporation, Research and Training, Agronomy and Crop Protection Research Team, Wonji Research Center, P.O.Box 15, Wonji, Ethiopia
2Ethiopian Sugar Corporation, Research and Training, Sugarcane Production Research Directorate, Wonji Research Center, P.O.Box 15, Wonji, Ethiopia
3Ethiopian Sugar Corporation, Research and Training, Soil and Irrigation Research Team, Wonji Research Center, P.O.Box 15, Wonji, Ethiopia
Corresponding Author : Hadush Hagos
Ethiopian Sugar Corporation
Research and Training Division
Agronomy and Crop Protection Research Team
Wonji Research Center, P.O.Box 15, Wonji, Ethiopia
Tel: +251913823479
E-mail: [email protected]
Received August 31, 2014; Accepted September 27, 2014; Published September 29, 2014
Citation: Hagos H, Mengistu L, Kedir Y, Tesfamicheal K (2014) Effect of First Irrigation Period on Sugarcane (Saccharium officinarium L.) Establishment in the Drought Areas of Tendaho, Ethiopia. Adv Crop Sci Tech 2:142. doi: 10.4172/2329-8863.1000142
Copyright: © 2014 Hagos H, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
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Abstract

Field experiment was conducted to determine the effect of first irrigation period on sugarcane (Saccharium
officinarium L.) establishment in the drought areas of Tendaho. Four levels of first irrigation application periods; 5 days pre-planting irrigation (DPI), 1 day after planting (DAP), 4 days after planting (DAP) and 8 days after planting(DAP) and four major varieties; N-14, NCO-334, CO-680 and B52-298 with high area coverage were used in a completely randomized block design with 4*4*3 factorial treatment arrangements. Sprout and Tillering data’s were collected at 30-45 and 45-90 days after planting, respectively. Analysis of variance (ANOVA) revealed that there was a significant interaction effect between the sugarcane varieties and time of first irrigation (TFI) (Varieties*TFI=p<0.0001) on sprouting rate, number of tillers per hectare, root establishment rate and number of dead setts buds in both sugarcane varieties. The maximum sprouting rate, number of tailoring root establishment were recorded with the application of 5 days pre-planting irrigation and 1 day after planting irrigation in all varieties while the lowest sprouting rate, number of tillers, root establishment was recorded on the 8 days after planting first irrigation application in all varieties. Therefore, applying first irrigation, in early times (5 pre-planting irrigation and 1 days after planting) was highly recommended with better sprouting rate, number of tillers and root establishment to all varieties expecting high cane yield and sugar yield in the Tropical areas of Tendaho.

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