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Effective Interventions of Mothers in Colicky and Non-colicky Infants | OMICS International| Abstract
ISSN: 2167-0846

Journal of Pain & Relief
Open Access

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  • Research Article   
  • J Pain Relief 2017, Vol 6(6): 305
  • DOI: 10.4172/2167-0846.1000305

Effective Interventions of Mothers in Colicky and Non-colicky Infants

Aazam Soltaninejad1*, Esmat Nouhi2 and Hossein Safizade3
1Medical Surgical Nursing School, Jiroft Medical University, Kerman, Iran
2Department of Medical Surgical Nursing Education, Razi School of Nursing and Midwifery, Nursing Research Center, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran
3Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Institute for Futures Studies in Health, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran
*Corresponding Author : Aazam Soltaninejad, Medical Surgical Nursing School, Jiroft Medical University, Kerman, Iran, Tel: 09132409439, Fax: 03443315990, Email: [email protected]

Received Date: Nov 08, 2017 / Accepted Date: Nov 27, 2017 / Published Date: Nov 30, 2017

Abstract

Background: According to Wessel, infantile colic is defined as excessive crying which lasts more than three hours a day for more than three days a week for at least three weeks in an otherwise healthy baby. Prevalence of infantile colic has been reported to vary within the 10-40% range in different studies depending on data collection, study design and definition of colic. Despite 50 years of research about infantile colic its etiology is unknown. Some causes are mother's stress under pregnancy, postpartum depression, social factors like mother's occupation and fulltime education and other factors such as lactose intolerance, cow's milk allergy, gut contraction and parentsinfant relationship.
Aim: To compare the effective interventions of mothers in colicky and non-colicky infants
Method: In this cross-sectional study, 400 infants under 3 months whom had been brought to a health center for vaccination and growth monitoring were enrolled. The criteria which were taken into consideration to recognize instances of colicky infants were: the age of the infant had to be less than 3 months, colic in infants had to be diagnosed by pediatrics and infants had to be healthy otherwise. Diarrhea, vomiting, constant abdominal distention and failure to thrive were excluded as non-colic problems. Cluster sampling and then convenience sampling methods were used to gather data. A researcher-made questionnaire was also used.
Result: Among all of the neonates 49% were colic and 51% were non-colic. 52.5% were boys and 47.5% were girls. Formula fed infants were more colicky than breastfed infants (62.2% vs. 53%).
Conclusion: Mothers in this study used three kinds of behavioral, nutritional and medicinal interventions (either herbal remedies or chemical drugs) to control colic. In the non-colic group, mothers used more behavioral and nutritional interventions while in the colic group both herbal and chemical drugs were used more.

Keywords: Colic infants; Non-colic infants; Behavioral interventions; Nutritional interventions; Medicinal interventions

Citation: Soltaninejad A, Nouhi E, Safizade H (2017) Effective Interventions of Mothers in Colicky and Non-colicky Infants. J Pain Relief 6: 305. Doi: 10.4172/2167-0846.1000305

Copyright: © 2017 Soltaninejad A, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

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