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Frequency of Temporomandibular Joint Disorders among Medical and Dental Undergraduate students in Karachi by Fonseca Questionnaire | OMICS International| Abstract
ISSN: 2332-0702

Journal of Oral Hygiene & Health
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  • Research Article   
  • J Oral Hyg Health, Vol 6(2): 242
  • DOI: 10.4172/2332-0702.1000242

Frequency of Temporomandibular Joint Disorders among Medical and Dental Undergraduate students in Karachi by Fonseca Questionnaire

Uzma Zareef1*, Sania Arshad1, Muhammad Abid2, Navid Rashid Qureshi3 and Syed Adnan Ali4
1Department of Oral Pathology, Liaquat College of Medicine and Dentistry, , Karachi, Pakistan
2Periodontology Department, Liaquat College of Medicine and Dentistry, , Karachi, Pakistan
3College of Medicine and Dentistry, , Karachi, Pakistan
4Liaquat College of Medicine and Dentistry, , Karachi, Pakistan
*Corresponding Author : Uzma Zareef, Department of Oral Pathology, Liaquat College of Medicine and Dentistry, Karachi, Pakistan, Tel: 923002247225, Email: [email protected]

Received Date: May 02, 2018 / Accepted Date: May 22, 2018 / Published Date: May 31, 2018

Abstract

Objective: The objective of this study was to determine the frequency of Tempormandibular joint disorder (TMD) among medical and dental undergraduate student, its severity and distribution among different gender and age group by using Fonseca questionnaire.
Methods: The design of the study was cross-sectional and data were collected by non-probability purposive sampling by providing the brief questionnaire consist of ten questions. After informing the purpose of study, those who were fulfilling the inclusion criteria, asked to fill the questionnaire. Total three hundred and seventy two forms were filled completely considered in the study out of four hundred, with 93% response rate. The answer were filled by marking “yes”, “sometimes” and “no” and code allocated to individual answer like “10”, “5” and “0” respectively.
Results: Total 372 samples were responded in this survey, The study revealed that out of total 372 students, No TMD were observed with 214 (57.4%), with TMD were observed with 159 ( 42.6%), among them mild TMD 122(32.7%), moderate TMD 29(7.8%), severe TMD 8 (2.1%). Severity of TMD gives association with education. Besides, as age of students increases the level of symptoms also increase. On the other hand, between gender, females are more affected.
Conclusion: Our study found that the TMD is a common problem in studied participants and the severity of TMD was found higher among dental students. Temporo-mandibular joint disorders give association with gender.

Keywords: Tempormandibular joint disorder; Fonseca; Orofacial pain

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