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ISSN: 2161-0681

Journal of Clinical & Experimental Pathology
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  • Review Article   
  • J Clinic Experiment Pathol 2012, Vol 2(2): 002
  • DOI: 10.4172/2161-0681.S3-002

Human African Trypanosomiasis in Suburban and Urban Areas: A Potential Challenge in the Fight Against the Disease

Lisette Kohagne Tongue1,2*, Jacques François Mavoungou3, Raceline Gounoue Kamkumo2, Dramane Kaba4, Guy Christian Fako Hendji1, Richard Pamba5, Paulette Mengue M’eyi6, Bertrand Mbatchi3 and Francis Louis1,7
1Association pour la Promotion de la Lutte contre les Trypanosomiases et les Tsé-tsé (APLTT), Yaoundé, Cameroon
2Université de Yaoundé I, Faculté des Sciences, B.P. 812 Yaoundé, Cameroon
3Université des Sciences et Techniques de Masuku, Franceville, Gabon
4Institut Institut Pierre Richet – Institut National de Santé Publique, Abidjan, Côte d’Ivoire
5Institut d’Hygiène Publique et d’Assainissement (IHPA), Ministère de la Santé, Libreville, Gabon
6Programme National de Lutte contre la trypanosomiase humaine Africaine (PNLTHA), Ministère de la Santé, Libreville, Gabon
7Association against Trypanosomiasis in Africa (ATA), Château de Brives, Lavans Saint-Sulpicin, France
*Corresponding Author : Lisette Kohagne Tongue, Université de Yaoundé I, Faculté Des Sciences, B.P. 812 Yaoundé, Cameroon, Tel: 00 237 22 10 38 49, Email: [email protected]

Received Date: Nov 21, 2011 / Accepted Date: Jan 20, 2012 / Published Date: Feb 09, 2012

Abstract

Sub-Saharan countries are facing a demographic growth of 3% per year. That increase of the population in number, associated with climate changes, has deeply modified environmental landscape and affected biodiversity. The distribution of tsetse flies or Glossina, vector of sleeping sickness, has been considerably modified over time. Species of morsitans group (Glossina subgenus) had disappeared from some areas, while those of palpalis group (Nemorhina subgenus) developed and adaptation in Human habitats with peridomestic behaviors. The great capacity of these species to adapt in suburban and urban areas as soon as microclimatic conditions and host availability are met has brought up a new epidemiological context of the disease: suburban and urban foci. We are reviewing that epidemiological feature in order to draw attention to that particular aspect which may impede the progress of disease elimination in sight in many T. b. gambiense sleeping sickness foci.

 

Keywords: Vector-borne disease; Human African trypanosomiasis; Trypanosoma brucei; Demographic growth; Urbanization; Glossina foci

Citation: Tongue LK, Mavoungou JF, Kamkumo RG, Kaba D, Fako Hendji GC, et al. (2012) Human African Trypanosomiasis in Suburban and Urban Areas: A Potential Challenge in the Fight Against the Disease. J Clinic Experiment Pathol S3:002. Doi: 10.4172/2161-0681.S3-002

Copyright: © 2012 Tongue LK, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

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