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Localized Accumulation of Tau without Amyloid-Beta in Aged Brains Measured with [11C]PBB3 and [11C]Pib Positron Emission Tomography | OMICS International| Abstract
ISSN: 2161-0460

Journal of Alzheimers Disease & Parkinsonism
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  • Research Article   
  • J Alzheimers Dis Parkinsonism 2017, Vol 7(6): 401
  • DOI: 10.4172/2161-0460.1000401

Localized Accumulation of Tau without Amyloid-Beta in Aged Brains Measured with [11C]PBB3 and [11C]Pib Positron Emission Tomography

Takayuki Kikukawa1, Haruna Saito1, Itsuki Hasegawa1, Jun Takeuchi1, Akitoshi Takeda1, Joji Kawabe2, Yasuhiro Wada, Aya Mawatari3, Yasuyoshi Watanabe3, Soichiro Kitamura3, Hitoshi Shimada4, Makoto Higuchi4, Tetsuya Suhara4 and Yoshiaki Itoh1*
1Department of Neurology, Osaka City University, Graduate School of Medicine, Asahimachi 1-4-3, Abenoku, Osaka, Japan
2Department of Nuclear Medicine, Osaka City University, Graduate School of Medicine, Asahimachi 1-4-3, Abenoku, Osaka, Japan
3, RIKEN Center for Life Science Technologies, Kobe, Japan
4Department of Functional Brain Imaging Research, (DOFI), Clinical Research Cluster, National Institute of Radiological Sciences (NIRS), National Institutes for Quantum and Radiological Science and Technology (QST), , Chiba, Japan
*Corresponding Author : Yoshiaki Itoh, Department of Neurology, Osaka City University, Graduate School Of Medicine Osaka, 545-8585, Japan, Tel: +81-6- 6645-3889, Fax: +81-6-6646-5599, Email: [email protected]

Received Date: Oct 26, 2017 / Accepted Date: Nov 16, 2017 / Published Date: Nov 23, 2017

Abstract

Objective: Different regional specificity in tau accumulation is well known in Alzheimer’s disease (AD) brains. However, little is known about such distribution in aging brains and mild cognitive impairment (MCI) brains.
Methods: Cognitive functions and regional accumulation of tau and amyloid β (Aβ) were evaluated in 13 healthy controls (HCs), 3 patients with MCI and 4 AD patients. Tau and Aβ accumulation was semi-quantitatively measured with positron emission tomography (PET) using [11C]pyridinyl-butadienyl-benzothiazole 3 (PBB3) and [11C]Pittsburgh compound-B (PiB).
Results: Age-dependent accumulation of tau was found in all predetermined regions characteristic of AD, especially in the parahippocampal gyrus, lateral temporal cortex, frontal cortex, and posterior cingulate gyrus, where age-dependency was statistically significant. In contrast, age-dependency in accumulation of Aβ was not observed in most regions assessed in HC. Moreover, the accumulation of tau in regions characteristic of AD in MCI patients was higher than that in HC, whereas tau accumulation was highest and statistically significant in AD patients. Unlike HC, the accumulation of tau was accompanied by that of Aβ in patients with MCI and AD.
Conclusion: Mild and age-dependent accumulation of tau without Aβ was found in AD-related areas in aging brains. Considering age as a major risk for AD, higher accumulation of tau may trigger the neurodegenerative process of AD.

Keywords: Aging; Dementia; Alzheimer’s disease; Preclinical; Mild cognitive impairment; Biomarker; Parahippocampal gyrus

Citation: Kikukawa T, Saito H, Hasegawa I, Takeuchi J, Takeda A, et al. (2017) Localized Accumulation of Tau without Amyloid-Beta in Aged Brains Measured with [11C]PBB3 and [11C]Pib Positron Emission Tomography. J Alzheimers Dis Parkinsonism 7: 401. Doi: 10.4172/2161-0460.1000401

Copyright: © 2017 Kikukawa T, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

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