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Reliability and Validity of the Eleven Item Kutcher Adolescent Depression Scale, Chinese Version (KADS-11CV) | OMICS International | Abstract
ISSN: 2375-4494

Journal of Child and Adolescent Behavior
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Research Article

Reliability and Validity of the Eleven Item Kutcher Adolescent Depression Scale, Chinese Version (KADS-11CV)

Huiming Zhou1** , Nan Hao1** , Yasong Du1*, Yanyu Liu2, Yutong Sui3, Yanhua Wang4, Yanan Cui5, Qiuping Zhong6, Xiujuan Jiao7, Yifeng Wei8 and Stan Kutcher8

1Shanghai Mental Health Center, Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine600 Wan Ping Nan Road, Shanghai, 200030, P.R.China

2Honorary Military Rehabilitation Hospital of Jiangxi Province, Zhangshu 331211, Jiangxi province, China

3Benxi Kangning Hospital, Benxi 117019, Liaoning province, China

4Hebei No 6 people’s Hospital, Baoding 071000, Hebei province, China

5Jiamusi Mental Rehabilitation Hospital, Jiamusi 154007, Heilongjiang Province, China

6Changde Rehabilitation Hospital, Changde 415000, Hunan province, China

7Zhengzhou No 8 People’s Hospital, Zhengzhou 450000, Henan province, China

8Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia B3K 4R2, Canada

**These authors contributed equally to this study

*Corresponding Author:
Yasong Du
Shanghai Mental Health Center
Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine
600 Wan Ping Nan Road, Shanghai, 200030, P.R.China
Tel: +86-18721825019
E-mail: [email protected]

Received Date: March 21, 2016; Accepted Date: August 08, 2016; Published Date: August 14, 2016

Citation: Zhou H, Hao N, Du Y, Liu Y, Sui Y, et al. (2016) Reliability and Validity of the Eleven Item Kutcher Adolescent Depression Scale, Chinese Version (KADS-11CV). J Child Adolesc Behav 4: 308. doi:10.4172/2375-4494.1000308

Copyright: © 2016 Zhou H, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.


Background: There are few tools specifically designed to assess adolescent Depression in China. Methods: Students (3,180) aged 11-17 years were approached through Multistage stratified cluster sampling method in 6 provinces and one municipality and evaluated using KADS-11CV and Children Depression Inventory (CDI). Students (435) whose CDI score was equal to or greater than 19 were included to be diagnosed by DSM-IV criteria for Depression. KADS-11CV and CDI were completed again by 73 students from Shanghai sample to analyze the test-retest reliability one month later. Results: The Cronbach’s α coefficient, spilt-half reliability coefficient and the test-retest Pearson’s r for the KADS-11CV was 0.84, 0.77 (P<0.01), 0.77 (P<0.01). The fitting index of the two-factor model is better than that of the one-factor model for the KADS-11CV; The correlation coefficient between scale scores of KADS-11CV and CDI is 0.74 (P<0.01); KADS-11 scores of those students identified with Depression were significantly higher than that of non-depressed group (P<0.001). The current study determined the optimal cut-off point of KADS-11CV is a total score ≥9, and at this cutoff, sensitivity and specificity were 89% and 90% respectively. Conclusion: The KADS-11CV is appropriate for use with Chinese adolescents because of its good reliability, validity and diagnostic accuracy, it can be used to assess depressive mood for adolescents.


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