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Response Analysis of Residential Contemporary Facades to the Passive Defense Requirements for Explosion Resistance Case Study: Residential Building Facade in Damascus| Abstract
ISSN: 2168-9717

Journal of Architectural Engineering Technology
Open Access

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  • J Archit Eng Tech ,
  • DOI: 10.4172/2168-9717.1000213

Response Analysis of Residential Contemporary Facades to the Passive Defense Requirements for Explosion Resistance Case Study: Residential Building Facade in Damascus

Alhawasli H* and Daneshjoo KH
Department of Architecture, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran
*Corresponding Author : Alhawasli H, Department of Architecture, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran, Tel: +98 21 8288 0000, Email: [email protected]

Received Date: Sep 08, 2018 / Accepted Date: Sep 27, 2018 / Published Date: Oct 04, 2017

Abstract

Due to the fact that a building resistance against explosion waves depends on a range of factors, including the shape and form of the building, number of opens and building materials used in construction as direct factors, distance and number of barriers between building and the location of the explosion as indirect factors. And because external cover of the building as the most important line of defense to protect against external threats, with taken into account that explosion waves can damage the building through the pores in the external cover or destroying the outer shell of the building. It is important to design resistant building facades in front of explosion consequences. The main goal of this paper is to assess the responsiveness of modern architectural facade to the passive defense requirements to be observed a way that if an explosion occurred outside the building and on the surface of the earth, the waves of pressure cause the lowest damage available to the exterior surfaces of buildings. In the studied model we note the following weaknesses: the inability to take advantage of the green element in the site, the misuse of some glass decorative elements in the balconies, the excessive opening in the facade in general and the use of the large opening without dividing in the stair space. Entrances are gone deep inside the facade where the advanced entrances are recommended to maintain the possibility of exit in the event of ruin. In the end, more dynamic shape may be better.

Keywords: Passive defense; Explosion; Resistant facades; Contemporary facades; Facades opening

Citation: Alhawasli H, Daneshjoo KH (2017) Response Analysis of Residential Contemporary Facades to the Passive Defense Requirements for Explosion Resistance Case Study: Residential Building Facade in Damascus. J Archit Eng Tech 6: 210. Doi: 10.4172/2168-9717.1000213

Copyright: © 2017 Alhawasli H, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

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