Severe Sleep Problems and Psychopathic Features: A Study of Finnish Adolescents | OMICS International | Abstract
ISSN: 2375-4494

Journal of Child and Adolescent Behavior
Open Access

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Research Article

Severe Sleep Problems and Psychopathic Features: A Study of Finnish Adolescents

Heidi Backman1*, Taina Laajasalo1,2, Suvi Saukkonen3, Venla Salmi4, Markus Jokela1and Eeva T Aronen3

1Institute of Behavioural Sciences, University of Helsinki, Finland

2Forensic Psychiatric Center for Children and Adolescents, Children’s Hospital, Department of Child Psychiatry, Helsinki University Central Hospital, Finland

3University of Helsinki and Helsinki University Hospital, Children’s Hospital and Pediatric Research Center, Child Psychiatry Unit, Laboratory of Developmental Psychiatry, Finland

4Criminological Unit, National Research Institute of Legal Policy, Helsinki, Finland

Corresponding Author:
Heidi Backman
MA, Institute of Behavioural Sciences
University of Helsinki, PO Box 9
FI-00014 Helsinki, Finland
Tel: +358503304644
Email: [email protected]

Received May 30, 2016; Accepted June 23, 2016; Published June 28, 2016

Citation: Backman H, Laajasalo T, Saukkonen S, Salmi V, Jokela M, et al. (2016) Severe Sleep Problems and Psychopathic Features: A Study of Finnish Adolescents. J Child Adolesc Behav 4:301. doi:10.4172/2375-4494.1000301

Copyright: © 2016 Backman H, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.


Objective: This study investigated sleep and psychopathic features in a population-based sample of 4855 Finnish adolescents. Method: Sleep was evaluated by questions about the frequency and persistence of sleep problems and the amount of sleep on school and weekend nights. Psychopathic features were measured with Antisocial Process Screening Device-Self Report (APSD-SR). Results: Frequent and persistent sleep problems was reported by 5% of the adolescents while 3.2% of adolescents had continuous short sleep, 7 hours or less on both school and weekend nights. Higher scores on the APSD-SR measure were associated with both sleep problems and short sleep. Conclusion: We conclude that severe problems of sleep quality and quantity among adolescents may be associated with vulnerability to lack of behavioral control and prosocial behavior.