alexa The Relationship between Self-rated Psychopathic Traits
ISSN: 2375-4494

Journal of Child and Adolescent Behavior
Open Access

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Research Article

The Relationship between Self-rated Psychopathic Traits and Psychopathology in a Sample of Finnish Community Youth: Exploration of Gender Differences

Svetlana Oshukova1*, Riittakerttu Kaltiala-Heino2,3,4, Jouko Miettunen5,6,7, Riikka Marttila5,6,7, Pekka Tani8, Eeva T Aronen9, Mauri Marttunen10,11, Matti Kaivosoja12,13 and Nina Lindberg14

1University of Helsinki and Helsinki University Hospital, Psychiatry, P.O. Box 282, 00029 HUS, Helsinki, Finland

2University of Tampere, School of Medicine, 33014 University of Tampere, Finland

3Tampere University Hospital, Department of Adolescent Psychiatry, 33380 Pitkäniemi, Finland

4Vanha Vaasa Hospital, Vierinkiventie 1, 65380 Vaasa, Finland

5Reseach Unit of Clinical Neuroscience, Department of Psychiatry, University of Oulu and Oulu University Hospital, Oulu, Finland

6Medical Research Center Oulu, Oulu University Hospital and University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland

7Center for Life Course Health Research, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland

8University of Helsinki and Helsinki University Hospital, Psychiatry, P.O. Box 442, 00029 HUS, Helsinki, Finland

9University of Helsinki and Helsinki University Hospital, Child Psychiatry, P.O. Box 3, 00014 Helsinki, Finland

10University of Helsinki and Helsinki University Hospital, Adolescent Psychiatry, P.O. Box 590, 00029 Helsinki, Finland

11National Institute for Health and Welfare, Department of Mental Health and Substance Abuse Services, P.O. Box 30, 00271 Helsinki, Finland

12University of Turku, Department of Child Psychiatry, 20014 Turku, Finland

13Hospital District of Central Ostrobothnia, Mariankatu 16-20, 67200 Kokkola, Finland

14University of Helsinki and Helsinki University Hospital, Forensic Psychiatry, P.O. Box 590, 00029 HUS, Helsinki, Finland

*Corresponding Author:
Svetlana Oshukova
University of Helsinki and Helsinki
University Hospital, Psychiatry
P.O. Box 282, 00029 HUS, Helsinki, Finland
Tel: +358503775191
E-mail: [email protected]

Received Date: September 11, 2016; Accepted Date: October 17, 2016; Published Date: October 25, 2016

Citation: Oshukova S, Kaltiala-Heino R, Miettunen J, Marttila R, Tani P, et al. (2016) The Relationship between Self-rated Psychopathic Traits and Psychopathology in a Sample of Finnish Community Youth: Exploration of Gender Differences. J Child Adolesc Behav 4: 314. doi:10.4172/2375-4494.1000314

Copyright: © 2016 Oshukova S, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

 

Abstract

Background: Associations between psychopathic traits and other forms of psychopathology among youth in the community, as well as gender differences in these associations have been scarcely studied yet. The present study aimed to explore this relationship in a sample of Finnish mid-adolescent girls and boys. Methods: The sample comprised 370 secondary school ninth-graders with the mean age of 15.1 years (SD 0.28). The Youth Psychopathic traits Inventory (YPI) and the Youth Self Report (YSR) served as self-assessments. Results: Boys showed significantly higher traits of psychopathy, but girls scored significantly higher on the Total Problems as well as on the majority of the syndrome scales on the YSR. In both genders, psychopathic traits correlated highly with rule-breaking and aggressive behavior, moderately with attention and thought complaints, and modestly with depression, anxiety, withdrawal and social problems. The correlations between psychopathic traits and somatic problems were moderate in boys, but modest in girls. The correlations showed only a few statistically significant gender differences: the correlation between the Affective dimension of the YPI and the rule-breaking behavior syndrome scale of the YSR, as well as the correlation between the Interpersonal dimension of the YPI and somatic problems were stronger in boys than in girls. Conclusions: Even though boys show higher traits of psychopathy and girls exhibit more general psychopathology, the correlations between psychopathic traits and other forms of psychopathology closely resemble each other. In both genders, psychopathic traits correlate positively with both externalizing and internalizing problems. The callous-unemotional traits correlate more strongly with rule-breaking behavior in boys than in girls. Screening for psychopathic traits among adolescents with psychosocial adjustment problems seems relevant.

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