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The Role of Micronuclei as a Screening Tool in Oral Cancers | OMICS International| Abstract
ISSN: 2161-0681

Journal of Clinical & Experimental Pathology
Open Access

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  • Research Article   
  • J Clin Exp Pathol, Vol 9(1): 366
  • DOI: 10.4172/2161-0681.1000366

The Role of Micronuclei as a Screening Tool in Oral Cancers

Suganya R1*, Prabha V2, Lalitha S2 and Rajajeyakumar M1
1Department of Pathology, Trichy SRM Medical College Hospital & Research Centre, Trichy, India
2Department of Pathology, Coimbatore Medical College, Coimbatore, India
*Corresponding Author : Suganya R, Assistant Professor, Department of Pathology, Trichy SRM Medical College Hospital & Research Centre, Trichy 621105, India, Tel: 91 9842103319, Email: [email protected]

Received Date: Jan 14, 2019 / Accepted Date: Mar 23, 2019 / Published Date: Mar 30, 2019

Abstract

Background: The assessment of Micronuclei frequency in exfoliated oral epithelial cells has been shown to correlate with severity of the chromosomal damage and seems to increase steadily in malignant lesions.

Aim: To evaluate the frequency of micronuclei (MN) in oral exfoliated cells of malignant oral lesions in tobacco chewers and comparing them with that of healthy individuals.

Materials and methods: The study participants were divided into two groups consisting of 25 cases with malignant oral lesions in tobacco chewers and 25 normal healthy controls. The cytosmears were stained with Papanicolaou stain. The micronuclei frequency was identified using Tolbert's criteria. Later the oral lesions were confirmed with tissue biopsy.

Results: The frequency of micronuclei was found to be higher in malignant oral lesions as compared with controls.

Conclusions: Hence, micronuclei can be used as a biomarker of chromosomal damage, which is a useful diagnostic as well as prognostic indicator.

Keywords: Micronuclei; Oral exfoliative cytology; Oral cancer; Squamous cell carcinoma

Citation: Suganya R, Prabha V, Lalitha S, Rajajeyakumar M (2019) The Role of Micronuclei as a Screening Tool in Oral Cancers. J Clin Exp Patholo 9: 366. Doi: 10.4172/2161-0681.1000366

Copyright: © 2019 Suganya R, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

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