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Rome is the capital of Italy. Italy's official language is Italian. Roman Catholicism is the largest religion in the country. Italy has more UNESCO World Heritage Sites (51) than any other country in the world and has rich collections of art, culture and literature from many different periods.
Italy is located in the heart of the Mediterranean Sea. Italy borders with Switzerland, France, Austria, Slovenia, San Marino and Vatican city. Almost 40% of the Italian territory is mountainous. Most of Italy's rivers drain either into the Adriatic Sea or into the Tyrrhenian. Italy includes several islands. The largest are Sicily and Sardinia.
Italy has the third largest economy in the Eurozone and the eighth largest economy in the world. It has a very high level of human development and enjoys the highest life expectancy in the EU. In current price terms, Italy's gross domestic expenditure on Research and Development (GERD) was 20.5 billion euro. It increased by 3.5% compared to 2011. There are number of association running such as Aquaculture Stewardship Council, Italian Fish Farmers' Association, Associazione Piscicoltori Italiani, Italian Association of Fish and Aquariums. Their mission is to transform aquaculture towards environmental sustainability and social responsibility using efficient market mechanisms that create value across the chain. The National Fisheries and Aquaculture Policy are currently established by three-year plans that are specified every year in a short-term plan.
Italy played a major role in the development of modern aquaculture in the Mediterranean region and production of fish and shellfish increased from the 1980s to the early 2000s. Stable productions were observed in 2002-2013, both for freshwater and marine species. Italy is a net importer of seafood products, with imports 8 times higher that exports. There undergoes many researches and development in aquaculture field which can be understood by aquaculture journals. Many researchers share their researches and knowledge in list of aquaculture journals Italy. These works are published in list of aquaculture journals. Italy aquaculture journals and aquaculture journals Italy list considers articles for publication that reflect on the consequences of aquaculture study.