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China, formally the General population's Republic of China (PRC), is a sovereign state in Asia. "China" is thought to have been initially gotten from the Sanskrit word C?na, which is interpreted into the Persian word Jaw. Cina was initially utilized as a part of early Hindu sacred text, including the Mahabharata (fifth century BCE) and the Laws of Manu (second century BCE). "China" itself was initially recorded in 1516 in the diary of the Portuguese wayfarer Duarte Barbosa. The diary was deciphered and distributed in Britain in 1555.
The People's Republic of China is the 2nd largest country in the world by land area. It is the world's most populous state, with a population of over 1.381 billion. Covering approximately 9.6 million square kilometers, China is the world's second largest state by land area. The territory of China lies between latitudes 18° and 54° N, and longitudes 73° and 135° E. China is the world's leading investor in renewable energy commercialization, with $52 billion invested in 2011 alone.China has the world's second-largest economy in terms of nominal GDP, totalling approximately US$10.380 trillion according to the International fund. China was a world leader in science and technology until the Ming dynasty family line. Chinese-born scientists have won the Nobel Prize in Physics fourfold, the Nobel Prize in Chemistry and Physiology or drugs once severally, though most of these scientists conducted their Nobel-winning analysis in western nations. Total number of philanthropist Laureates in China are 12.
China’s increasing number of academicians has pushed China up in world rankings of revealed science and engineering papers: The country was 14th in 1995 and by 2007 was second solely to the United States as per Yu Xie, et al., 2014 in Research. Four factors favor China’s continuing rise in science: a massive population and human capital base, a labor market favoring tutorial meritocracy, a large diaspora of Chinese-origin scientists, and a centralized government willing to invest in research.