India is a vast South Asian country with diverse terrain – from Himalayan peaks to Indian Ocean coastline – and history reaching back 5 millennia. In the north, Mughal Empire landmarks include Delhi’s Red Fort complex, massive Jama Masjid mosque and Agra’s iconic Taj Mahal mausoleum. Pilgrims bathe in the Ganges in Varanasi, and Rishikesh is a yoga center and base for Himalayan trekking.
Three mountain ranges extend from the Indus River in the northwest, to the Brahmaputra River in the east, including the Himadri, Himachal and Shivaliks - all with deep canyons gorged by the fast-flowing water. India's highest point is Kanchenjunga which rises 28,208 ft. (8,598 m).The land rises slightly into two plateaus, bordered in the central and south by lower mountains (Ghats), that gently slope into narrow coastal plains. Numerous rivers drain the land, and without question, the Ganges is the heartbeat of India and one of the most significant rivers on the planet.
The research ecosystem in India presents a significant opportunity for multinational corporations across the world due to its intellectual capital available in the country. Overall India-based R&D Globalization and R&D Services market reached US$ 20 [email protected] in 2015, up by 9.9 per cent over 2014. R&D Services market stood at US$ 7.76 billion and R&D Globalisation market [Captives] stood at US$ 12.25 billion. India’s R&D globalisation and services market is set to almost double by 2020 to US$ 38 billion. According to the study, India-based R&D services companies, which account for almost 22 per cent of the global addressed market, grew much faster at 12.67 per cent. The market for Engineering R&D [ER&D] companies in India is mainly structured across pure play PES. India's ER&D services market is expected to reach US$ 15-17 billion by 2020 and North America continues to be the largest market contributing to 55 per cent of revenues.
In Health Care, this nation produced many researchers so far. India has established infrastructure for advanced medical research. Indian Society of Healthcare has emerged as a leader in basic, translational and health care, Diagnostic codes, Procedural codes providing guidance in clinical care, education, training, research, patient advocacy, information dissemination and capacity building, within and outside India. Numerous Health Care journals are published from India with good reputation. List of Health Care journals in India include more than 16 journals which publishes around 468 articles every year. Several leading Institutions in the country including All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, Sree Chitra Tirunal Institute for Medical Sciences and Technology,, All India Institute of Medical Sciences and others are spearheading the Health care research. Many Health Care journals of India are publishing innovative research work in the field of Health care.