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The name France comes from the Latin Francia or country of the Franks. The European part of France called Metropolitan France. The official language of France is French. France lined with the borders of Belgium, Luxembourg, Germany, Switzerland, Italy, Spain and Andorra.
France extends from Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea, and from Rhine to Atlantic Ocean. Overall France spans 643,801 square kilometres and has total population of 66.6 million. The Overseas of French Territory divided into five districts namely: Kerguelen Islands, St. Paul and Amsterdam islands, Crozet islands, and the other islands scattered in Indian Ocean.
France is having world’s top six economies. In the year of 2014 almost 3.35 million out of work in France. In the year of 2016 France is the only major Western Europe economy in which unemployment continues. According to the OECD, France in 2008 was the world's fifth economic power, behind the USA, China, Japan and Germany, and just ahead of the UK. The leading French banks in 2010 are BNP Paribas, and the Credit Agricole.
Promoting training for young researchers, contributing to the pursuit of scientific excellence and research mainly focus on ICT (information and communication technology)-which helps the global south to develop its own digital models.
France engages in initiatives in the global South to bring about a better and more equitable sharing of knowledge. France supports International Centre for Medical Research of Franceville (CIRMF) in Gabon and the Niamey Centre for Medical and Health Research (CERMES) in Niger. . Several Hematology journals are published from France with good reputation. The list of Hematology journals in the country include Transfusion Clinique et Biologique, Hematologie etc. The National Center for Scientific Research, or CNRS, is a public organization under the responsibility of the French Ministry of Education and Research is a leading institute in France.