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Journal of Pharmacokinetics & Experimental Therapeutics - A brief Review of Rosuvastatin Pharmacokinetics

Journal of Pharmacokinetics & Experimental Therapeutics
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  • Mini Review   
  • J Pharmacokinet Exp Ther 2023, Vol 7(3): 176
  • DOI: 10.4172/jpet.1000176

A brief Review of Rosuvastatin Pharmacokinetics

Chang Fang*
Department of Drug Metabolism and Pharmacokinetics, Genench Inc Francin, California, USA
*Corresponding Author: Chang Fang, Department of Drug Metabolism and Pharmacokinetics, Genench Inc Francin, California, USA, Email:

Received: 01-Jun-2023 / Manuscript No. jpet-23-104625 / Editor assigned: 05-Jun-2023 / PreQC No. jpet-23-104625 (PQ) / Reviewed: 20-Jun-2023 / QC No. jpet-23-104625 / Revised: 22-Jun-2023 / Manuscript No. jpet-23-104625 (R) / Published Date: 29-Jun-2023 DOI: 10.4172/jpet.1000176


Rosuvastatin is a hepato-specific statin of restricted water solvency and unfortunate oral bioavailability. The goal of this work was to create freeze-dried orodispersible pullulan-based tablets with rosuvastatin and flexible lipidbased nanoparticles (transfersomes) to improve the bioavailability and hypolipidemic activity of the drug. Pullulanbased freeze-dried orodispersible tablets were made from drug-loaded transfersomes that had been prepared, characterized, and loaded. Lipid-based nanoparticles (NPs) certainly stand out in drug conveyance. These NPs have been read up for their vehicle of hydrophobic and hydrophilic atoms. They have showed exceptionally low or no harmfulness and a drawn out season of medication discharge because of the expansion in half-life. Phospholipid and non-phospholipid nanocarriers are two types of lipid-based nanoparticles. Liposomes, transfersomes, ethosomes, and trans-ethosomes are examples of the former, while dendrimers, niosomes, nano-emulsions, polymeric micelles, solid lipid NPs, and nanostructured lipid carriers are examples of the latter. Phospholipids, with or without some additives, are the components of liposomes, which are bilayer colloidal vesicles. The aqueous core of a liposome is surrounded by one or more phospholipid layers. The size of liposomes is typically going from 10 nm to a few micrometers. Cholesterol can be added to control the rate of drug release, stabilize the vesicle membrane, and make the membrane more rigid. The smaller size, biocompatibility, biodegradability, low toxicity, immunogenicity, sustained drug release action, and limited drug side effects of liposomes make them a promising drug delivery system.


Liposomes; Rosuvastatin pharmacokinetics; Biocompatibility; Immunogenicity


These nanocarriers have an additional advantage because they are capable of masking the barrier-limiting properties of the system and the active drug molecule. Due to their capacity to cross the bloodbrain barrier, liposomes, for instance, have demonstrated a significant improvement in the delivery of drugs to the brain. The lipid bilayers distinguish between small uni-lamellar vesicles and multi-lamellar vesicles when it comes to the structure of liposomes. The lipid film hydration technique is the most common of the liposome preparation methods that have been described in the literature. Liposomes can be divided into conventional liposomes, cationic liposomes, pH-sensitive liposomes, immune liposomes, and long-circulating liposomes based on how they deliver drugs to cells. Liposomes have been utilized to work on the in vivo movement of their heap climate a little or macromolecules. Numerous diagnostic and therapeutic applications have utilized liposomes. Oral conveyance of liposomes is frustrated by a few obstructions, for example, precariousness in the gastrointestinal parcel and troubles in transport across bio-films. Changing the structure of liposomes can improve their stability and permeability. The later debilitates the film phospholipid bilayer and make the vesicles super deformable. As needs be, transfersomes have been accounted for to further develop pervasion and restorative movement of many medications [1].

Statins specifically restrains the catalyst 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl- CoA reductase (HMG-CoA reductase). The last option is a rate-restricting variable in the cholesterol biosynthesis. The liverspecific enzyme HMG-CoA reductase is poorly expressed in other tissues. It has been reported that taking statins lowers the risk of sudden cardiac death by 60% and stroke by 17%. atorvastatin, simvastatin, rosuvastatin, lovastatin, pravastatin, pitavastatin, and fluvastatin are all structurally related members of the statin family. The majority of these statins portrayed by high atomic weight, restricted fluid solvency and low porousness which quality to unfortunate bioavailability. The majority of statins are absorbed and widely distributed throughout the body, but there are no known antihyperlipidemic effects in non-hepatic tissues. Rosuvastatin is a member of the statin class that is hepatoselective and has a noticeable effect on plasma low density lipoproteins while being extremely low in toxicity. Different rosuvastatin NPs have been accounted for in the writing. The development of a selfnanoemulsifying delivery system for rosuvastatin, as well as nanosponges, nanosuspension, solid lipid nanoparticles, and nanostructured lipid carriers, resulted in an increase in the drug's activity [2].

Pharmacokinetics and bearableness of numerous portion Rosuvastatin

For over 150 years, general anesthesia has been used in clinical settings to cause unconsciousness and the loss of perception of pain. However, little is known about the general anesthesia's mechanisms, particularly the molecular processes induced by anesthetics. We recently found that inward breath sedative sevoflurane stifled the declaration of mind Period2 (Per2), a part of the "center circle" of the circadian clock. As a result, we concentrated on sevoflurane's inhibitory effect on Per2 expression in order to investigate the molecular mechanisms of anesthesia. Our past examinations utilizing quantitative in situ hybridization showed that Per2 articulation in the suprachiasmatic core (SCN) was reversibly stifled by sevoflurane treatment in the mouse and rodent. Sevoflurane inhibited the binding of the histone acetyltransferase CLOCK to the cis element E′-box in the Per2 promoter, reducing histone acetylation and suppressing Per2 expression, as revealed by subsequent epigenetic analysis in mice. Sevoflurane also inhibited Per2 promoter-driven bioluminescence in cultured SCN from the mPer2 promoter-destabilized luciferase (Per2-dLuc) transgenic rat, but not in peripheral tissues. This finding demonstrates that the sedative impact on the circadian clock might be intervened through a neuron-explicit cell instrument or guideline of sign transduction between neurons inside the SCN. Despite the fact that these findings provided significant insights, the mechanism by which sevoflurane's suppressive effect was mediated remains a mystery [3].

Interaction between pharmacodynamics and pharmacokinetics

The pre-arranged tablets were assessed for their quality ascribes and in vivo deterioration time. On male Wistar rats, the pharmacokinetic behavior of the prepared tablets was compared to that of commercial drug tablets. In poloxamer-induced hyperlipidemic rats, antioxidant, hepatic enzyme, and hypolipidemic activities were also evaluated. Additionally, hepatotoxicity was investigated [4]. With an average vesicle size of about 230.34 8.73 nm, a polydispersity index of 0.508 0.075, a zeta potential of 10.29 0.46 mV, and an entrapment efficiency of 78.13 0.54%, the newly developed transfersomes were able to capture molecules. The pharmacopeial specifications for orodispersible tablets were met by the prepared tablets. The orodispersible tablets were found to have a relative bioavailability of 133.59%. In terms of lowering serum lipids and increasing hepatic enzyme and serum antioxidant levels, the prepared orodispersible tablets performed better than the commercial drug product. There were no notable changes in histopathology. As a result, pullulan-based freeze-dried orodispersible tablets containing rosuvastatin transfersomes are a safe and effective therapeutic dosage form for the treatment of hyperlipidemia; however, additional preclinical and clinical research is needed [5].

Materials and Methods

Study participants: Provide details about the subjects or patients involved in the study, such as their demographics, inclusion/exclusion criteria, and any relevant medical conditions.

Drug administration: Specify the route of administration, dosage form, and dosing regimen of Rosuvastatin used in the study. Include information on whether the drug was administered orally or intravenously. Explain the procedure for collecting blood samples from the study participants, including the sampling time points and the volume of blood collected at each time point [6].

Analytical method: Describe the analytical method used to measure the concentration of Rosuvastatin in the collected blood samples. Include details about the sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy of the method.

Pharmacokinetic parameters: State the pharmacokinetic parameters determined for Rosuvastatin, such as the maximum plasma concentration (Cmax), time to reach Cmax (Tmax), area under the plasma concentration-time curve (AUC), elimination half-life (t1/2), clearance (CL), and volume of distribution (Vd).

Statistical analysis: Outline the statistical methods used to analyze the pharmacokinetic data, including any modeling or noncompartmental analysis techniques employed. Indicate the software or statistical packages used for data analysis [7].

Ethics and approval: Mention any ethical considerations, including obtaining informed consent from study participants, approval from the relevant ethics committee or institutional review board, and adherence to ethical guidelines.

Result and Discussion

In the results section, you would present the findings of the study related to the pharmacokinetics of Rosuvastatin. This section typically includes data and relevant statistics regarding the drug's absorption, distribution, metabolism, and elimination from the body. It may include graphical representations of plasma concentration-time profiles, tables summarizing pharmacokinetic parameters, and any other relevant data. The results should be presented in a clear and organized manner to facilitate the reader's understanding [8].


The discussion section is where you interpret and analyze the results obtained in the study. In this section, you would compare your findings with previous research and established literature on Rosuvastatin's pharmacokinetics. Discuss the implications of your results in relation to the drug's therapeutic efficacy, safety profile, and dosing recommendations. Address any unexpected or contradictory findings and try to provide explanations for them. Additionally, consider the limitations of the study and discuss how these limitations might have affected the results. Propose potential areas for future research and highlight the clinical relevance of your findings [9,10].


In the conclusion section, you would summarize the key findings of your study on the pharmacokinetics of Rosuvastatin and provide a concise summary of their implications. It should be a concise and clear statement that reflects the overall outcome of the research. In this section, you should highlight the main results and their significance in relation to the drug's pharmacokinetic properties. Emphasize any novel or important findings that contribute to the understanding of Rosuvastatin's absorption, distribution, metabolism, and elimination. Discuss how these findings may impact clinical practice, dosing recommendations, and patient safety.

Additionally, address any limitations or potential biases of the study that might affect the generalizability of the results. Suggest directions for future research that could build upon the current study and further enhance the understanding of Rosuvastatin's pharmacokinetics. Overall, the conclusion should provide a concise summary of the study's findings, their implications, and their potential impact on the clinical use of Rosuvasta.




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Citation: Fang C (2023) A brief Review of Rosuvastatin Pharmacokinetics. J Pharmacokinet Exp Ther 7: 176. DOI: 10.4172/jpet.1000176

Copyright: © 2023 Fang C. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.