The Neurologist: Clinical & Therapeutics Journal - An Overview of Encephalopathy

The Neurologist: Clinical & Therapeutics Journal
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  • Neurol Clin Therapeut J , Vol 5(3)

An Overview of Encephalopathy

Nora Alexander*
Department of Brain and Behavioural Sciences, University of Pavia, Pavia, Italy
*Corresponding Author: Dr. Nora Alexander, Department of Brain and Behavioural Sciences, University of Pavia, Pavia, Italy, Email: [email protected]

Received: 23-Nov-2021 / Accepted Date: 07-Dec-2021 / Published Date: 14-Dec-2021


Any damage or disease that affects the brain is referred to as encephalopathy. Encephalopathy is a physical change that affects our brain or the way it functions. These developments result in a shift in your mental state, leaving you perplexed and acting differently than usual. Acute encephalopathy and chronic encephalopathy are two kinds of encephalopathy. It's also a genetic ailment that can endure for a long time or be cured.

This is not only a single sickness, but it also results in a variety of health problems. It's a serious medical disorder that, if left untreated, can result in temporary or permanent damage to the brain. Encephalopathy is easily confused with encephalitis. Although the words sound similar, they refer to different situations. The actual brain is expanded or affected with encephalitis. Encephalopathy, on the other hand, refers to the psychological manifestations that might occur as a result of a variety of medical disorders. Encephalopathy, on the other hand, can be caused by encephalitis. Encephalopathy and encephalitis both affect the cerebrum, but they have different causes, symptoms, and treatments. Encephalopathy refers to any condition that affects the capacity or design of the brain. It has the potential to spread infectious infections, produce brain tumours, and have harmful effects. On the other hand, Encephalitis also occurs when the brain is infected or the immune system is affected. Every year in the United States, 10 to 15 people per 100,000 are tested for encephalitis.


Diagnosis of encephalopathy involves two types:


An EEG can be used to assist diagnose and screen a variety of disorders that affect the brain. It may aid in determining the cause of specific symptoms such as seizures and memory problems. Small sensors are attached to the scalp during the test to collect electrical signals that induce synapses and send signals to one another. A machine records these indicators, which are then examined by a professional to see if they are unusual. The EEG strategy is usually carried out by a clinical neurophysiologist, who is a highly trained subject matter expert.


Neuroimaging is a field of study that focuses on the development and capability of the sensory system through imaging technologies, with the goal of extracting images of the mind in a non-invasive manner. Neuroimaging has been a valuable asset for clinical evaluation and conclusion in recent years. With the rising prevalence of neurological disease, more stringent requirements for neuroimaging innovation and the analysis of the resulting data have been established, and significant progress has been made in this field. Magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) is a neuroimaging technique used mostly by NCPRC (MRS). MRS allows researchers to collect biochemical information about the brain in our investigations, whereas magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) exclusively offers structural information about the brain. MRS equipment can be calibrated to detect up signals from various chemical nuclei within the brain (much like a radio receiver). We utilise proton and phosphorus coils to assess brain chemistry in teenagers that may be linked to mood disorders. MRS is a non-radioactive, non-invasive magnetic resonance method. MRI scanners, which resemble a huge cylinder with a tube running down the centre, can be used to obtain MRS scans.

Citation: Alexander N (2021) An Overview of Encephalopathy. Neurol Clin Therapeut J 5: 007.

Copyright: © 2021 Alexander N. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

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