alexa Assess the Level of Knowledge Regarding Child Abuse among the Mothers in Selected Areas at Latur | Open Access Journals
ISSN: 2375-4494
Journal of Child and Adolescent Behavior
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700+ peer reviewed, Open Access Journals that operates with the help of 50,000+ Editorial Board Members and esteemed reviewers and 1000+ Scientific associations in Medical, Clinical, Pharmaceutical, Engineering, Technology and Management Fields.
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Conferenceseries Events with over 600+ Conferences, 1200+ Symposiums and 1200+ Workshops on
Medical, Pharma, Engineering, Science, Technology and Business

Assess the Level of Knowledge Regarding Child Abuse among the Mothers in Selected Areas at Latur

Sivanathan Nallampatti Thangavelu*

Department of Nursing, Maharashtra Institute of Nursing Science, Latur, India

*Corresponding Author:
Sivanathan Nallampatti Thangavelu
Department of Nursing
Maharashtra Institute of Nursing Science
Latur, India
Tel: 02382 227 812
E-mail: [email protected]

Received Date: October 26, 2015; Accepted Date: January 22, 2016; Published Date: January 28, 2016

Citation: Thangavelu SN (2016) Assess the Level of Knowledge Regarding Child Abuse among the Mothers in Selected Areas at Latur. J Child Adolesc Behav 4:271. doi:10.4172/2375-4494.1000271

Copyright: & copy; 2016 Thangavelu SN. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Visit for more related articles at Journal of Child and Adolescent Behavior

Abstract

According to WHO: ''Child abuse or maltreatment constitutes all forms of physical and/or emotional ill-treatment, sexual abuse, neglect or negligent treatment or commercial or other exploitation, resulting in actual or potential harm to the child's health, survival, development or dignity in the context of a relationship of responsibility, trust or power. The National Study on Child Abuse undertaken by the Ministry of Women and Child Development, Government of India, in 2005, attempts to understand the extent of the problem, its dimensions as well as its intensity. In addition, it examines two aspects: In 2013 report India's Hell Holes: Child Sexual Assault in Juvenile Justice Homes, the Asian Center for Human Rights said that sexual offences against children in India have reached epidemic proportion. The report stated that more than 48,000 child rape cases were recorded from 2001 to 2011 and that India saw an increase of 336% of child rape cases from 2001 (2,113 cases) to 2011 (7,112 cases). Government of India study on child abuse (UNICEF) the findings of the Study on Child Abuse clearly indicate that a very large number of children in India are not even safe in their homes. It is here, in the home, that we must start tackling the problem of child abuse. Interventions are needed to bring about change in the ways family members behave towards children in the home. Research shows that the incidence of abuse among school-going children is lower than amongest those who do not attend school. All efforts must therefore be made to ensure that all children attend school and that schools provide them with a protective environment that is free from violence, with an emphasis on the elimination of corporal.

Keywords

Child; Abuse; WHO; Juvenile justice homes

Introduction

Child abuse is a state of emotional, physical, economic and sexual maltreatment meted out to a person below the age of eighteen and is a globally prevalent phenomenon. However, in India, as in many other countries, there has been no understanding of the extent, magnitude and trends of the problem.

The growing complexities of life and the dramatic changes brought about by socio-economic transitions in India have played various and newer forms of abuse. Child abuse has serious physical and psychosocial consequences which adversely affect the health and overall wellbeing of a child.

According to WHO

''Child abuse or maltreatment constitutes all forms of physical and/or emotional ill-treatment, sexual abuse, neglect or negligent treatment or commercial or other exploitation, resulting in actual or potential harm to the child's health, survival, development or dignity in the context of a relationship of responsibility, trust or power.

The National Study on Child Abuse undertaken by the Ministry of Women and Child Development, Government of India, in 2005, attempts to understand the extent of the problem, its dimensions as well as its intensity. In addition, it examines two aspects.

In 2013 report India's hell holes

Child Sexual Assault in Juvenile Justice Homes, the Asian Centre for Human Rights said that sexual offences against children in India have reached epidemic proportion. The report stated that more than 48,000 child rape cases were recorded from 2001 to 2011 and that India saw an increase of 336% of child rape cases from 2001 (2,113 cases) to 2011 (7,112 cases).

Government of India study on child abuse (UNICEF) the findings of the Study on Child Abuse clearly indicate that a very large number of children in India are not even safe in their homes. It is here, in the home, that we must start tackling the problem of child abuse. Interventions are needed to bring about change in the ways family members behave towards children in the home.

Research shows that the incidence of abuse among school-going children is lower than amongst those who do not attend school. All efforts must therefore be made to ensure that all children attend school and that schools provide them with a protective environment that is free from violence, with an emphasis on the elimination of corporal punishment. The recent news says that medical profession is arrested due to denial to report or identify a child abuse (Times of India). So the researcher assume that every nursing professional to be aware to identify cases and to be reported, meanwhile the parents have a role to identify a child abuse, their Physiological and behavior status of child also the family member specially mother to be attention toward child in their home . So the researcher took interest of the study to know the awareness of the child abuse among the mother [1-3].

Statement of the problem

A study to assess the level of knowledge regarding Child Abuse among the mothers in selected areas at Latur.

Objectives

• To assess the level of knowledge regarding child abuse among mothers in selected areas at Latur.

• To correlate the knowledge with socio demographic variables.

Assumption

There is a significance association between socio demographic variables and awareness of child abuse

Operational definition

Child: Child refers to someone who has not reached their 18th birthday

Abuse: It is usage, improper usage or treatment of entity, often to unfairly or improperly gain benefit.

Child abuse: It is physical, emotional, and sexual mistreatment or neglect of a child.

Awareness: The state or ability to perceive the objects on child abuse.

Socio demographic: Socio demographic variables are characteristics or attributes of subjects that are collected to describe the sample. It includes age, education, religion, occupation, Number of child.

Research Approach

This research approach used for this study is non-experimental research approach. Mothers awareness about child abuse assessed by closed-ended questionnaires

Research setting: The study was conducted the selected areas around the Arvi village at Latur.

Research design: A descriptive design was used.

Sampling technique: Convenient sampling technique was used to select a sample.

Population: The population included who are all having children.

Sample size: A sample of 20 mothers who met the inclusion criteria were selected.

Criteria for Sample Selection

Inclusion criteria

• Mothers who are all willing to participate in the study.

• Mothers who can understand Marathi and Hindi.

Exclusion criteria

• Mothers who were absent on the day of date collection.

• Mothers who are all not willing to participate.

Description of the Tool

Section I

The first section of the tool consisted of 5 items of selected demographic variables like age, education, religion, occupation, no of child.

Section II

It consisted of 21 multiple choice questions about awareness of child abuse.

Date collection procedure

For collecting the date, the following steps were taken, informed consent from the participants. The objectives of the study were explained to each subject and a structured questionnaire was used to collect the information via interview. The confidentially was assured.

Findings

The data collected were analyzed based on the objectives of the study. The first objective was to assess level of knowledge regarding child abuse among mothers (Table 1).

Level of knowledge frequency Percentage (N=20)
Inadequate knowledge
(0 to 50%)
03 15%
Moderately adequate
(51 to 75%)
17 85%
Adequate
(76% to 100%)
00 0%

Table 1: Levels of knowledge regarding child abuse among mothers.

The study revealed that 15% (03) samples are having inadequate knowledge, 85% (17) sample are having moderately adequate knowledge and 0% samples having adequate knowledge. The second objective was that to correlate the knowledge with socio demographic variables (Table 2).

S.No Demographic variables Percentage Mean Standard deviation (N=20)
1. Age
  Less than 20 years 5% 11.00 00
  21-25 years 45% 9.22 1.39
  26-30 years 25% 10.8 1.16
  More than 30 years 25% 8.8 2.15
2. Education
  Illiterate 20% 10.00 2.44
  Primary education 65% 9.76 1.42
  Secondary education 15% 8.33 1.24
  Degree education 0% 00 00
3. Religion
  Hindu 100% 9.6 1.74
  Christian 0% 0 00
  Muslim 0% 0 00
  Others 0% 0 00
4. Occupation
  Unemployed 100% 9.6 1.74
  Self employed 0% 0 00
  Private 0% 0 00
  Government 0% 0 00
5. No.of Child
  None 0% 00 00
  one 20% 9.25 1.21
  two 30% 10 1.73
  more than two 50% 9.25 1.85

Table 2: Association of demographic variables with knowledge level of mothers regarding child abuse.

Nursing implications

The result of the study showed that all mothers should be educated about the awareness of child abuse and the effects. The nurse can create an opportunity for the mothers to prevent the child abuse. Nurse educator needs to prepare nursing students to obtained skills and knowledge regarding child abuse. Appropriate knowledge was provided to the college students regarding child abuse. Nursing administrators should conduct educational programme on prevention of child abuse. Generalization of the study result can be made by further replication of the study to large sample [4-6].

Conclusion

The present study assessed the knowledge level of mothers regarding child abuse and it is found that 3 mothers (15%) had inadequate knowledge and 17 mothers (85%) having moderately knowledge regarding child abuse. Education about the child abuse one of the important aspects in nursing practice. For effective education the nurse should gain knowledge about child abuse and effects thus she can help to mothers regarding reduce child abuse home and the society.

References

  1. Marlow’s (1974) “A Text Book of Pediatric” (6thedn), Published by Elsevier.
  2. Acher’s(2009) “Text Book of Pediatric”(4thedn), Universities Publication p:1.
  3. Wong’s (2008) “Essential Pediatric Nursing”(7thedn), Elsevier Publication p: 796.
  4. Brooks-GunnJ, SchneiderW, WaldfogelJ(2013) The Great Recession And The Risk For Child Maltreatment.International Journal of Child Abuse and Neglect pp: 721-729.
  5. Indian Academy and Pediatric(2014) Types of Child Abuse.
  6. Signs and Symptoms of Child Abuse (2013).
Select your language of interest to view the total content in your interested language
Post your comment

Share This Article

Relevant Topics

Recommended Conferences

Article Usage

  • Total views: 9447
  • [From(publication date):
    February-2016 - Oct 20, 2017]
  • Breakdown by view type
  • HTML page views : 9164
  • PDF downloads :283
 

Post your comment

captcha   Reload  Can't read the image? click here to refresh

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords