A Review on Relationship between Climate Change and Agriculture
Received Date: Feb 18, 2016 / Accepted Date: Feb 24, 2017 / Published Date: Feb 29, 2016
This paper reviews various articles and documents on relationship between climate change and agriculture. The two-way relationship of climate change and agriculture is of great significance in particular to developing countries due to their large dependence on agricultural practice for livelihoods and their lack of infrastructure for adaptation when compared to developed countries. Agricultural activities are affected by climate change affects due to their direct dependence on climatic factors. In high latitude areas with low temperature, increased temperature due to climate change could allow for longer growing season. Agriculture affects climate through emissions of greenhouse gases (GHGs) such as carbon dioxide, methane and nitrous oxide. These emissions come directly from use of fossil fuels, tillage practices, fertilized agricultural soils and livestock manure in large proportion. Conversely, agriculture could be a solution for climate change by the widespread adoption of mitigation and adaptation actions. This happens with the help of best management practices such as organic farming, agroforestry practice and manure management etc.
Keywords: Adaptation; Agriculture; Climate change; Greenhouse gas emissions; Mitigation
Citation: Yohannes H (2016) A Review on Relationship between Climate Change and Agriculture. J Earth Sci Clim Change 7: 335. Doi: 10.4172/2157-7617.1000335
Copyright: © 2016 Yohannes H. this is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
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