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ISSN: 2576-1463

Innovative Energy & Research
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  • Review Article   
  • Innov Ener Res 2018, Vol 7(1): 178
  • DOI: 10.4172/2576-1463.1000178

An Innovative Smart Liquid Desiccant Air Conditioning System for Indoor and Outdoor Cooling using Seawater Bittern

Esam Elsarrag*
Gulf Organization for Research and Development, Qatar Science and Technology Park, , Doha, Qatar
*Corresponding Author : Esam Elsarrag, Gulf Organization for Research and Development, Qatar Science and Technology Park, Doha, Qatar, Tel: +974 4404 9016, Email: [email protected], [email protected]

Received Date: Dec 30, 2017 / Accepted Date: Jan 06, 2018 / Published Date: Jan 12, 2018

Abstract

The design and construction of buildings in hot-humid climates requires high energy consumption typically for air conditioning due to higher thermal loads. In hot-humid climates, there is a rising concern on the current rate of energy consumption due to air conditioning. Considering the wider impacts of carbon emissions on our climate, and the need to reduce these emissions, effective energy efficiency solutions are necessary to achieve the overall goal of reducing carbon emissions. Conventional energy resources continue depleting and the energy demands of a growing global population continue to increase. Ventilation rates to buildings must be increased to ensure occupants healthy indoors environment. This more outdoors air gave the designers a much bigger load to be removed especially in humid climates. Outdoor cooling remains a challenge but will have lots of social and economic benefits.

This paper presents the design and performance of a fully integrated liquid desiccant air conditioning system that could be used for indoor and outdoor cooling. The superefficient packed liquid desiccant evaporative air conditioning system can provide 22000 m3/h treated fresh air at supply temperature of 16°C with 50% reduction in energy consumption compared to conventional systems.

Keywords: Outdoor cooling; Desiccant dehumidification; CO2 emissions; Seawater bittern; Energy efficiency

Citation: Elsarrag E (2018) An Innovative Smart Liquid Desiccant Air Conditioning System for Indoor and Outdoor Cooling using Seawater Bittern. Innov Ener Res 7: 178. Doi: 10.4172/2576-1463.1000178

Copyright: © 2018 Elsarrag E. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

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