Dersleri yüzünden oldukça stresli bir ruh haline sikiş hikayeleri bürünüp özel matematik dersinden önce rahatlayabilmek için amatör pornolar kendisini yatak odasına kapatan genç adam telefonundan porno resimleri açtığı porno filmini keyifle seyir ederek yatağını mobil porno okşar ruh dinlendirici olduğunu iddia ettikleri özel sex resim bir masaj salonunda çalışan genç masör hem sağlık hem de huzur sikiş için gelip masaj yaptıracak olan kadını gördüğünde porn nutku tutulur tüm gün boyu seksi lezbiyenleri sikiş dikizleyerek onları en savunmasız anlarında fotoğraflayan azılı erkek lavaboya geçerek fotoğraflara bakıp koca yarağını keyifle okşamaya başlar


Analysis of Ground Level O<sub>3</sub> and No<sub>x</sub> Measured at Kannur, India | OMICS International| Abstract
ISSN: 2157-7617

Journal of Earth Science & Climatic Change
Open Access

Like us on:

Our Group organises 3000+ Global Conferenceseries Events every year across USA, Europe & Asia with support from 1000 more scientific Societies and Publishes 700+ Open Access Journals which contains over 50000 eminent personalities, reputed scientists as editorial board members.

Open Access Journals gaining more Readers and Citations
700 Journals and 15,000,000 Readers Each Journal is getting 25,000+ Readers

This Readership is 10 times more when compared to other Subscription Journals (Source: Google Analytics)
  • Research Article   
  • J Earth Sci Climat Change 2012, Vol 3(1): 111
  • DOI: 10.4172/2157-7617.1000111

Analysis of Ground Level O3 and Nox Measured at Kannur, India

Nishanth T1,2*, Praseed KM2,3, Satheesh Kumar MK1,2 and Valsaraj KT4
1Department of Atmospheric Science, Kannur University, Kerala, India
2Department of Physics, Government Brennen College, , Thalassery, Kerala, India
3Department of Physics, Sir Syed College, , Taliparamba, Kerala, India
4Cain department of Chemical Engineering, Louisiana State University, USA
*Corresponding Author : Nishanth T, Department of Atmospheric Science, Kannur University, India, Tel: 91-09895415281, Fax: 91-497-2782190, Email:

Received Date: Apr 11, 2012 / Accepted Date: May 25, 2012 / Published Date: May 28, 2012


This paper presents the observations of continuous measurements of surface Ozone (O3) and Oxides of Nitrogen (NOx) present in the ambient air over Kannur University Campus (11.9º N, 75.4º E, 5m), Kerala State, India from November 2009 to October 2010. The diurnal cycle of surface O3 concentration exhibited a peak in the afternoon and declined during nighttime on all days of observation. Likewise, the annual average diurnal variation of O3 mixing ratio showed a minimum of (3.2 ± 0.7) ppbv in the morning and a maximum of (30.3 ± 10.4) ppbv at noon. The highest mixing ratios of surface O3 observed during winter and summer at this site were 44 ppbv and 33.4 ppbv respectively and that during the monsoon and post-monsoon seasons were 18.5 ppbv, and 28 ppbv respectively. The diurnal profile of NOx (NO+NO2) showed a peak during the early morning hours and decreased during the noontime. Correlations between O3 with NO, NO2 and NOx with NO, NO,sub>2 has discussed in detailed. The concept of total oxidant, OX (O3+NO2) has been introduced, and found to vary with the level of NOx. The influence of relative humidity and temperature on the variation in O3 is discussed. The variations of O3 in different months were elucidated with the aid of backward air trajectories of CGER-METEX reanalysis data.

Keywords:  Surface ozone; Photochemical production; NOx ; Oxidant; Air quality

Citation: Nishanth T, Praseed KM, Satheesh Kumar MK, Valsaraj KT (2012) Analysis of Ground Level O3 and Nox Measured at Kannur, India. J Earth Sci Climate Change 3: 111. Doi: 10.4172/2157-7617.1000111

Copyright: ©2012 Nishanth T, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.