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Analysis of Infant Mortality in Three Hospitals in the Eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo | OMICS International| Abstract
ISSN: 2572-4983

Neonatal and Pediatric Medicine
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  • Research Article   
  • Neonat Pediatr Med 2018, Vol 4(1): 147
  • DOI: 10.4172/2572-4983.1000147

Analysis of Infant Mortality in Three Hospitals in the Eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo

Apollinaire Kahindo Saasita1,2, Bellarmin Kambale Kombi1, François Katsuva Mbahweka1,3, Alexandre Amini Mitamo1, André Kambale Maliro1 and Gabriel Kambale Bunduki1*
1Faculty of Medicine, Université Catholique du Graben, , Democratic Republic of the Congo
2Department of Paediatrics, Matanda hospital, , Butembo, Democratic Republic of the Congo
3Department of Paediatrics, Cliniques Universitaires du Graben, , Butembo, Democratic Republic of the Congo
*Corresponding Author : Gabriel Kambale Bunduki, Faculty of Medicine, Université Catholique du Graben, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Tel: +243992431447, Email: [email protected]

Received Date: Jan 02, 2018 / Accepted Date: Jan 23, 2018 / Published Date: Feb 02, 2018

Abstract

Background: Infant mortality refers to deaths that affect children during their first year of life per 1,000 live births. It is composed of early neonatal mortality (0-7 days of birth), late neonatal mortality (8-27 days) and post-neonatal mortality (28-365 days). The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence and associated risk factors of infant mortality in Butembo, Democratic Republic of the Congo.
Methods: This was a retrospective study carried out from January 2015 to December 2016 in 3 Congolese hospitals (Cliniques Universitaires du Graben (CUG), Matanda Hospital and Kitatumba General Referral Hospital) on 8033 children.
Results: The prevalence of infant mortality was 14.31‰. A child under one year hospitalized at CUG has 6.66 times the risk of death than those hospitalized at other hospitals. Age <7 days, male sex, weight <2499 grams, history of hospitalization during pregnancy, less than 4 sessions of antenatal care, APGAR score <7, dystocic delivery, irregularities in immunization schedule, pathologies such as HIV/AIDS, acute respiratory infection, prematurity, and neonatal infections were the risk factors contributing to infant mortality.
Conclusion: Actions aiming to reduce the occurrence of risk factors should be done in order to get the possible lowest prevalence of infant mortality.

Keywords: Infant mortality; Analysis; Cliniques Universitaires du Graben (CUG); Kitatumba referral hospital; Matanda hospital

Citation: Saasita AK, Kombi Bk, Mbahweka FK, Mitamo AA, Maliro AK, et al., (2018) Analysis of Infant Mortality in Three Hospitals in the Eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo. Neonat Pediatr Med 4: 147. Doi: 10.4172/2572-4983.1000147

Copyright: © 2018 Saasita AK, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

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