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Assessment of Traffic-Generated Gaseous and Particulate Matter Emissions of Hirpora Wildlife Sanctuary (Shopian), Jammu and Kashmir, India | OMICS International| Abstract
ISSN: 2157-7617

Journal of Earth Science & Climatic Change
Open Access

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  • Research Article   
  • J Earth Sci Clim Change,
  • DOI: 10.4172/2157-7617.1000421

Assessment of Traffic-Generated Gaseous and Particulate Matter Emissions of Hirpora Wildlife Sanctuary (Shopian), Jammu and Kashmir, India

Saliqa Rasool1, Humaira Qadri1 and Fayaz Ahmad Bhat2*
1Department of Environmental Sciences, , S.P. College, Srinagar, Jammu and Kashmir, India
2Department of Environmental Sciences, University of Kashmir, Jammu and Kashmir, India
*Corresponding Author : Fayaz Ahmad Bhat, Department of Environmental Sciences, University of Kashmir, Jammu And Kashmir, India, Tel: +91 9796354817, Email: [email protected]

Received Date: Sep 14, 2017 / Accepted Date: Nov 20, 2017 / Published Date: Nov 24, 2017

Abstract

Construction of famous Mughal road running through Hirpora wildlife Sanctuary, Shopian has resulted in tremendous increase in the number of motor vehicles, which run on different types of fuels. The vehicular traffic is now recognized as one of the main sources of air pollution in Sanctuary and has noticeable impact on air quality. Emissions have been estimated using emission factor and activity based approach recommended by IPCC. The highest concentration of pollutants by different vehicles was recorded in summer (June) which can be attributed to the high vehicular load due to the tourist rush whereas the lowest was recorded in early winter (November). The present observation revealed that the highest emission of criteria pollutants (CO2, CO, NO, SO2, and PM) was emitted by four-wheeler direct injection diesel vehicles (DI) excepting one i.e. carbon monoxide (CO) emitted by four-wheeler gasoline vehicles (4WG). The high emission of pollutants in the summer season (June, July, August) might cause more negative effect to the plants and trees especially to the road side vegetation as compared to early winter season (September, October, November). The number of vehicles was recorded highest in the month of June and lowest was recorded in the month of November. Visiting of the vehicles to the site must be allowed in certain limit in order to keep the fragility of the sanctuary into consideration. The traffic authorities should check the PUC certificate of vehicles before entering the state.

Keywords: Vehicular emission; Pollutants; Wildlife sanctuary; Hirpora; Air quality

Citation: Rasool S, Qadri H, Bhat FA (2017) Assessment of Traffic-Generated Gaseous and Particulate Matter Emissions of Hirpora Wildlife Sanctuary (Shopian), Jammu and Kashmir, India. J Earth Sci Clim Change 8: 421. Doi: 10.4172/2157-7617.1000421

Copyright: ©2017 Rasool S, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited

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