Dersleri yüzünden oldukça stresli bir ruh haline sikiş hikayeleri bürünüp özel matematik dersinden önce rahatlayabilmek için amatör pornolar kendisini yatak odasına kapatan genç adam telefonundan porno resimleri açtığı porno filmini keyifle seyir ederek yatağını mobil porno okşar ruh dinlendirici olduğunu iddia ettikleri özel sex resim bir masaj salonunda çalışan genç masör hem sağlık hem de huzur sikiş için gelip masaj yaptıracak olan kadını gördüğünde porn nutku tutulur tüm gün boyu seksi lezbiyenleri sikiş dikizleyerek onları en savunmasız anlarında fotoğraflayan azılı erkek lavaboya geçerek fotoğraflara bakıp koca yarağını keyifle okşamaya başlar
Climate Change Impact on Drought Intensity and Duration in West of Iran | OMICS International| Abstract
ISSN: 2157-7617

Journal of Earth Science & Climatic Change
Open Access

Like us on:

Our Group organises 3000+ Global Conferenceseries Events every year across USA, Europe & Asia with support from 1000 more scientific Societies and Publishes 700+ Open Access Journals which contains over 50000 eminent personalities, reputed scientists as editorial board members.

Open Access Journals gaining more Readers and Citations
700 Journals and 15,000,000 Readers Each Journal is getting 25,000+ Readers

This Readership is 10 times more when compared to other Subscription Journals (Source: Google Analytics)
  • Research Article   
  • J Earth Sci Clim Change 2015, Vol 6(10): 319
  • DOI: 10.4172/2157-7617.1000319

Climate Change Impact on Drought Intensity and Duration in West of Iran

Ebrahim Fattahi1, Maral Habibi2* and Mansoureh Kouhi3
1Tehran Atmospheric Science and Meteorological Research Center (ASMRC), , Tehran, Iran
2Department of Climatology, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran
3Department of Agro Meteorology, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran
*Corresponding Author : Maral Habibi, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran, Tel: +989195673093, Email: [email protected]

Received Date: Aug 14, 2015 / Accepted Date: Sep 21, 2015 / Published Date: Sep 30, 2015


In this paper, one of the probabilistic characterizations of drought events (i. e. intensity values) was simulated by a global climate model (GCMs) under enhanced greenhouse gases conditions for near future (2011-2030). Output of the Hadley Centre Global Climate Model (HadCM3) was used to provide a future climate scenario for precipitation in selected western stations of Iran, including Ilam, Hamedan, Kermanshah, KhoramAbad, Sanandaj, Zanjan. Because of the coarse resolution of GCM output model, a statistical downscaling method, LARS_WG, was applied in order to obtain site specific daily weather Series. The downscaling model was evaluated against available observational reference data (1961-1990). The performance of LARS-WG during the validation period was suitable to reproduce daily precipitation series, therefore this model was used to provide future scenario of daily precipitation for 2011-2030 period. The simulation was forced by the A1B, B2 and A2 emission scenario for HadCM3. SPI was calculated using the downscaled precipitation time series for baseline and near future period. The model also captures the properties of drought for baseline acceptably. The results show that the future amounts of precipitation do not differ significantly in comparison with baseline. The most percentage change is obtained by 28% in the Kermanshah station Under B1 emission scenario during near future, but the increase is not significant. SPI was calculated for long-time drought (12 months) and then 2, 5, 10, 20, 25, 50, 100 return periods were estimated for all stations. Based on the results, the severity of drought will increase with longer return period i. e. 100 years in Kermanshah, Zanjan and Khoram Abad Stations. This information was achieved by this research can be considered indicative in long-term planning focusing on sustainability.

Keywords: Drought; Standard precipitation index; Return period

Citation: Fattahi E, Habibi M, Kouhi M (2015) Climate Change Impact on Drought Intensity and Duration in West of Iran. J Earth Sci Clim Change. 6: 319. Doi: 10.4172/2157-7617.1000319

Copyright: © 2015 Fattahi E, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Select your language of interest to view the total content in your interested language

Post Your Comment Citation
Share This Article
Article Usage
  • Total views: 12585
  • [From(publication date): 12-2015 - Sep 25, 2022]
  • Breakdown by view type
  • HTML page views: 11595
  • PDF downloads: 990