Cost Emission of Pm10 on Human Health Due to the Solid Waste Disposal Scenarios, Case Study; Tehran, Iran
Received Date: May 12, 2013 / Accepted Date: Jun 17, 2013 / Published Date: Jun 22, 2013
Nowadays, due to increasing the waste generation around the world assessing the adverse effects such as environmental issues is becoming a matter of focus. Moreover, solid waste management systems are known as one of main PM10 sources. However, various disposal methods have interesting relations with the PM10 production. In this study, different scenarios of solid waste management for municipal waste of Tehran are selected to assess the effects of PM10 on the human health in the nearby region (radius of 50 km). Hence, based on the life cycle assessment of the generated waste the production amounts of PM10 for four chosen scenarios are calculated. In the next step, with the application of Riskpoll model the cost damage of 12 illnesses are evaluated. Finally, due to the results scenario four with the combination of 70% composting plus 22% incineration and land filling (8% plus the residues) leads to the less damage cost on human health rather than the other scenarios. In addition, mortality YOLL, Chronic Bronchitis and restricted activity days have the major proportion of adverse effects in the 12 evaluated illnesses.
Keywords: Municipal solid waste; PM10; Emission cost; IWM; Riskpoll; Tehran
Citation: Hoveidi H, Aslemand A, Vahidi H, Limodehi FA (2013) Cost Emission of Pm10 on Human Health Due to the Solid Waste Disposal Scenarios, Case Study; Tehran, Iran. J Earth Sci Climate Change 4: 139. Doi: 10.4172/2157-7617.1000139
Copyright: ©2013 Hoveidi H, etal. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.