alexa Decade of South Ethiopian Coffee Improvement Activities at Awada Coffee Research Center | OMICS International| Abstract
ISSN: 2329-8863

Advances in Crop Science and Technology
Open Access

OMICS International organises 3000+ Global Conferenceseries Events every year across USA, Europe & Asia with support from 1000 more scientific Societies and Publishes 700+ Open Access Journals which contains over 50000 eminent personalities, reputed scientists as editorial board members.

Open Access Journals gaining more Readers and Citations
700 Journals and 15,000,000 Readers Each Journal is getting 25,000+ Readers

This Readership is 10 times more when compared to other Subscription Journals (Source: Google Analytics)
All submissions of the EM system will be redirected to Online Manuscript Submission System. Authors are requested to submit articles directly to Online Manuscript Submission System of respective journal.
  • Review Article   
  • Adv Crop Sci Tech 2019, Vol 7(1): 420
  • DOI: 10.4172/2329-8863.1000420

Decade of South Ethiopian Coffee Improvement Activities at Awada Coffee Research Center

Mesfin Kebede Gessese*
Department of Plant Science, Wolaita Sodo University, Wolaita Sodo, Ethiopia
*Corresponding Author : Mesfin Kebede Gessese, Assistant Professor, Department of Plant Science, Wolaita Sodo University, Wolaita Sodo, Ethiopia, Tel: +251966328785, Email: [email protected]

Received Date: Oct 25, 2018 / Accepted Date: Jan 28, 2019 / Published Date: Feb 08, 2019

Abstract

Coffee improvement program of Ethiopia was aimed to develop widely adaptable and stable cultivars across all coffee growing regions of the country although there is a significant ecological variation that prevails between the major coffee growing regions. Assessing the feedback from users on the performance of released coffee cultivars, the national coffee research program realized the need to initiate coffee improvement programs for each coffee growing region that possessed specific coffee quality and fetch premium price in the world market. In effect, coffee improvement program was initiated for Awada Agricultural Research Center mandated to improve South Ethiopian coffee with the financial aid of the Government of Switzerland. To date about 580 arabica coffee accessions have been collected and maintained in the center in separate sets of collection and are under evaluation. Fourty-two (set I) and sixteen (set II) selections are under variety trials, twelve selections are in variety verification trial, five hybrids are under variety verification trial and four high yielding cultivars that possessed the typical quality of Yirgachefe or Sidama coffee types were released to coffee growers in the region. In this paper, coffee improvement activities, such as collection and evaluation of germplasm, variety development activities and genetic studies are reviewed.

Keywords: Coffea arabica L.; Genetic diversity analysis; Landraces; Hybrid varieties; Released cultivars; Hararge coffee; Yirgachefe coffee

Citation: Gessese MK (2019) Decade of South Ethiopian Coffee Improvement Activities at Awada Coffee Research Center. Adv Crop Sci Tech 7: 420. Doi: 10.4172/2329-8863.1000420

Copyright: © 2019 Gessese MK. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Leave Your Message 24x7
Top