Development of Artificial Reefs Using Environmentally Safe Ceramic Material
Received Date: Mar 19, 2018 / Accepted Date: Mar 26, 2018 / Published Date: Mar 31, 2018
To develop artificial reefs, that are environmentally friendly and inexpensive, prototype artificial reefs made of ceramic material have been studied. The properties of the reefs (chemical constituents, surface texture, water absorbability, mechanical strength, erosion rate, and sustainability) were examined. The reefs were compared with natural coral rubbles. The effects of the reefs on nutrient availability, toxic chemical diffusion, and the propagation of plankton (bacteria, diatom) and other benthic organisms were examined, for which the reefs were set in aquaria for a long time. It was shown that the reefs were nontoxic, pH-neutral, mechanically strong, and sustainable in a hostile shallow sea environment. This study suggests that artificial reefs made from the ceramic material are not hazardous to small fish.
Keywords: Artificial reef; Shallow sea; Ceramic material; Environmentally safe; Propagation of fish
Citation: Kalam MA, Mieno T, Casareto BE (2018) Development of Artificial Reefs Using Environmentally Safe Ceramic Material. J Ecosys Ecograph 8: 253. Doi: 10.4172/2157-7625.1000253
Copyright: © 2018 Kalam MA, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
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