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Does a Three Week's Treatment with Microcurrents Improve the FunctionalLevel of People with Fibromyalgia Syndrome? | OMICS International| Abstract

Fibromyalgia: Open Access
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  • Research Article   
  • Fibrom Open Access 2:113,

Does a Three Week's Treatment with Microcurrents Improve the FunctionalLevel of People with Fibromyalgia Syndrome?

Salvat I1*, Monterde S1, Miralles I1, Montull S1 and Fernandez-Ballart J2,3
1Unit of Physical Therapy, Department of Medicina i Cirurgia and Institut d'Investigació Sanitària Pere Virgili, Universitat Rovira i Virgili, Reus, Spain
2Unit of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universitat Rovira i Virgili, IISPV, Reus, Spain
3Ciberobn Fisiopatología de la Obesidad y Nutrición (CB06/03), Instituto Carlos III, , Madrid, Spain
*Corresponding Author : Salvat I, Centre Tecnològic de Nutrició i Salut. Avinguda Universitat, 3 Reus (Tarragona), 43204, Spain, Tel: 3497777940, Email: [email protected]

Received Date: Jan 09, 2017 / Accepted Date: Feb 01, 2016 / Published Date: Feb 06, 2017

Abstract

Objective: Microcurrent treatment is proposed to reduce fibromyalgia symptoms and improve the functional ability of those affected. The aim of this study was to evaluate how microcurrent therapy affects functional manifestations and pain in subjects with fibromyalgia after three weeks of treatment and one month after the end of treatment.

Methods: This study was a randomised, placebo-controlled, single-blind study. We recruited forty-three volunteers diagnosed with fibromyalgia (100% females), and thirty-four completed the follow-up analysis. Participants were randomly assigned to a microcurrent intervention group (18 patients, 100 microamperes, 30 to 40 Hz) or to a placebo group (18 patients, sham microcurrent). All subjects received two 30-minute sessions a week for three weeks.

The Spanish version of the Fibromyalgia Impact Questionnaire, (Cuestionario de Impacto de la Fibromialgia CIF), was used for assessment: at the baseline (CIF0), at the end of treatment (CIF1) and after one month (CIF2).

Results: Treatment group patients showed greater improvement than patients in the placebo group at the end of treatment and one month after the end of treatment, but there were no statistically significant differences between the microcurrent group and the placebo group. At the end of treatment, the average CIF0 - CIF1 values of the microcurrent group were 9.48 (13.99), and those of the placebo group were 4.18 (16.64) (p=0.31). One month after the end of treatment, the average CIF0 - CIF2 value of the microcurrent group was 9.92 (17.19), and that of the placebo group was 6.73 (15.34) (p=0.57).

Conclusion: This study has found no improvement in the functional level of fibromyalgia patients either following three weeks of microcurrent application or at one-month later.

Keywords: Fibromyalgia; Electric stimulation therapy; Physical therapy; Chronic pain; Adult; Middle age; Physical fitness; Female

Citation: Salvat I, Monterde S, Miralles I, Montull S, Fernandez-Ballart J (2017) Does a Three Weeks’ Treatment with Microcurrents Improve the Functional Level of People with Fibromyalgia Syndrome? Fibrom Open Access 2: 113.

Copyright: © 2017 Salvat I, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

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