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ISSN: 2157-7617

Journal of Earth Science & Climatic Change
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  • Research Article   
  • J Earth Sci Climate Change 2013, Vol 4(1): 132
  • DOI: 10.4172/2157-7617.1000132

Flood Vulnerability through the Eyes of Vulnerable People in Mid-Western Terai of Nepal

Rohini Prasad Devkota1*, Tek Narayan Maraseni2, Geoff Cockfield3 and Laxmi Prasad Devkota4
1Faculty of Business and Law and Australian Centre for Sustainable Catchments, University of Southern Queensland, Toowoomba, Queensland, 4350, Australia
2Australian Centre for Sustainable Catchments, University of Southern Queensland, Toowoomba, Queensland, 4350, Australia
3Faculty of Business and Australian Centre for Sustainable Catchments, University of Southern Queensland, Toowoomba, Queensland, 4350, Australia
4Nepal Development Research Institute, , Lalitpur, Nepal
*Corresponding Author : Rohini Prasad Devkota, Faculty of Business and Law and Australian Centre for Sustainable Catchments, University of Southern Queensland, Toowoomba, Queensland, Australia, Email: [email protected]

Received Date: Dec 21, 2012 / Accepted Date: Jan 28, 2013 / Published Date: Feb 05, 2013

Abstract

There are many studies on the flood risk mapping and analysis on various flood prone watersheds identifying vulnerability indicators and organizing them into different themes such as physical, social, economic, access to resources, communication, and gender dimensions. But there is no research on vulnerability of people to flood under climate change scenario from Nepal, where most of southern part experience flood each year in the monsoon season. This paper intends to assess the perceived flood vulnerability through the eyes of vulnerable people at the community level in two southern districts of Nepal. A total of two focus group discussions were conducted and 240 households were interviewed during field visit on Feb-May, 2012. Based on the perception of local peoples, 25 vulnerability indicators were identified and tested against a scale from 1 to 5 where 1 indicated “very low” impact and
5 “severe” impacts. The “high frequency of flood”, “bank cutting/sand casting” and “damage agricultural land” was found first three highly vulnerable indicators, whereas “physical”, “social” and “economic” parameters were found most vulnerable parameters. The findings of this study can be useful in vulnerability assessment and mapping of flood risk which are in turn crucial for flood management.

Keywords: Flood; Vulnerability; Parameters; Indicators

Citation: Devkota RP, Maraseni TN, Cockfield G, Devkota LP (2013) Flood Vulnerability through the Eyes of Vulnerable People in Mid-Western Terai of Nepal. J Earth Sci Climate Change 4: 132. Doi: 10.4172/2157-7617.1000132

Copyright: ©2013 Devkota RP, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

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