alexa Heavy Metals Accumulation in Soil and Agricultural Crops Grown in the Province of Asahi India Glass Ltd., Haridwar (Uttarakhand), India | OMICS International
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Advances in Crop Science and Technology
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Research Article

Heavy Metals Accumulation in Soil and Agricultural Crops Grown in the Province of Asahi India Glass Ltd., Haridwar (Uttarakhand), India

Vinod Kumar* and A.K. Chopra
Agro-ecology and Pollution Research Laboratory, Department of Zoology and Environmental Science, Gurukula Kangri University, Haridwar-249404 (Uttarakhand), India
Corresponding Author : Vinod Kumar
Agro-ecology and Pollution Research Laboratory
Department of Zoology and Environmental Science
Gurukula Kangri University, Haridwar-249404, (Uttarakhand), India
Tel: +91-1334-249091
E-mail: [email protected] gkv.ac.in
Received November 30, 2015; Accepted December 11, 2015; Published December 17, 2015
Citation: Kumar V, Chopra AK (2015) Heavy Metals Accumulation in Soil and Agricultural Crops Grown in the Province of Asahi India Glass Ltd., Haridwar (Uttarakhand), India. Adv Crop Sci Tech 4:203. doi:10.4172/2329-8863.1000203
Copyright: © 2015 Kumar V, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
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Abstract

This investigation was aimed to assess the heavy metals accumulation in soil and agricultural crops viz., Indian mustard (Brassica juncea L.), wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) and barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) irrigated with glass industry effluent. The glass industry effluent was considerably loaded with various plant nutrients and heavy metals. The effluent irrigation significantly (P<0.05/P<0.01) increased Cd, Cr, Cu, Fe, Mn, Pb, Zn, total bacteria, total fungi, actinomycetes and yeast of the soil used for the cultivation of B. juncea, T. aestivum and H. vulgare. The enrichment of different heavy metals were recorded in the order of Cr>Pb>Cd>Mn>Zn>Cu>Fe for B. juncea, Zn>Cd>Cu>Cr>Pb>Fe>Mn for T. aestivum and Zn>Cu>Cd>Fe>Mn>Pb>Cr for H. vulgare irrigated with glass industry effluent. The translocation of different metals in different parts i.e. root, stem, leaves and fruits were observed in the order of leaves > stem > root > fruit for Cu, Fe, Mn, Pb and Zn; stem > leaves > root > fruit for Cd, root > stem > leaves > fruit for Cr in B. juncea, T. aestivum and H. vulgare irrigated with glass industry effluent. Therefore, glass industry effluent irrigation added heavy metals in the soil and B. juncea, T. aestivum and H. vulgare.

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