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Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV): A Comprehensive Review | OMICS International| Abstract
ISSN: 2475-3173

Cervical Cancer: Open Access
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Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV): A Comprehensive Review

Karen Thomas*
Department of Cervical Screening and HIV, University of RR Science and Technology, Australia
*Corresponding Author : Karen Thomas, Department of Cervical Screening and HIV, University of RR Science and Technology, Australia, Email:

Received Date: Oct 02, 2023 / Accepted Date: Oct 30, 2023 / Published Date: Oct 30, 2023


Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) is a global health challenge, affecting millions of people worldwide. This paper provides a comprehensive overview of HIV, covering its history, transmission, pathogenesis, clinical manifestations, prevention, treatment, and the social and economic impact of the epidemic. The paper emphasizes the importance of continued research and global cooperation in the fight against HIV. Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) is a retrovirus that has become a global health crisis, affecting millions of people worldwide. This virus targets the immune system, particularly CD4+ T cells, leading to the gradual deterioration of the host's immune function. HIV is primarily transmitted through unprotected sexual intercourse, sharing of contaminated needles, or from mother to child during childbirth or breastfeeding. Once infected, individuals can progress through various stages, from acute infection to chronic HIV, and ultimately to Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS), a condition characterized by severe immunosuppression and susceptibility to opportunistic infections.

Scientific advancements have led to the development of antiretroviral therapy (ART), which, when administered consistently and effectively, can suppress viral replication, preserve immune function, and extend the lifespan of HIVpositive individuals. However, challenges such as access to healthcare, medication adherence, and drug resistance persist. Additionally, there is currently no cure for HIV, necessitating ongoing research into novel treatment strategies, vaccines, and prevention methods. HIV/AIDS continues to impact not only physical health but also social, economic, and psychological well-being. Stigma and discrimination against individuals living with HIV remain significant obstacles to effective prevention and care. Education, public awareness campaigns, and comprehensive healthcare services are crucial elements in the global effort to control the HIV pandemic.

This abstract provides a concise overview of HIV, highlighting its impact on global health, transmission, stages of infection, treatment options, ongoing challenges, and the importance of addressing the social dimensions of the epidemic. Ongoing research and collective efforts are essential to control the spread of HIV and improve the quality of life for those affected by the virus.

Citation: Thomas K (2023) Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV): AComprehensive Review. Cervical Cancer, 8: 183.

Copyright: © 2023 Thomas K. This is an open-access article distributed underthe terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricteduse, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author andsource are credited.