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Indian Dentist's Knowledge, Attitudes, and Willingness to Conduct HIV Testing: A Qualitative Study | OMICS International| Abstract
ISSN: 2376-032X

JBR Journal of Interdisciplinary Medicine and Dental Science
Open Access

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  • Research Article   
  • J Interdiscipl Med Dent Sci 2017, Vol 5(4): 4
  • DOI: 10.4172/2376-032X.1000219

Indian Dentist's Knowledge, Attitudes, and Willingness to Conduct HIV Testing: A Qualitative Study

Priscilla C Ngaihte1*, Santella AJ2, Ngaihte E3, Watt RG4, Raj SS5, Vatsyayan V6 and Ngaihte G7
1Department of Academics and Research, Public Health Foundation of India, , New Delhi, India
2Department of Health Professions, Hofstra University, Hempstead, New York, USA
3Department of Economics, Shri Ram College of Commerce, University of Delhi, New Delhi, India
4Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, London, United Kingdom
5Department of Academics and Research, Public Health Foundation of India, , New Delhi, India
6Department of Research, Public Health Foundation of India, , New Delhi, India
7Emmanuel Hospital Association, , New Delhi, India
*Corresponding Author : Priscilla C Ngaihte, Department of Academics and Research, Public Health Foundation of India, New Delhi, India, Tel: 01244722900/01244781400, Email: [email protected]

Received Date: Nov 09, 2017 / Accepted Date: Dec 06, 2017 / Published Date: Dec 13, 2017

Abstract

India has the third- highest number of PLHIV in the world. Early diagnosis at an oral healthcare setting where a large proportion of Indian population is seen can help prevent HIV transmission. This study expands upon to recognize the role of Indian dentists in providing HIV testing in India. Five focus groups with a total of 33 dentists were conducted in Delhi, Gandhinagar, Bhubaneswar, and Hyderabad (representing low, moderate and high HIV prevalence areas). The study suggested that dentists from all sites felt the need for HIV testing in dental setting. Although, only a small proportion of dentists would be willing to perform the HIV test and suggested that the test should be conducted by specially trained health professionals. Dentists practicing at government dental hospitals/ colleges were more willing to accept the idea of HIV testing in dental setting. Participants reported social stigma, fear of contracting disease, following up with patients with positive results, cost burden, false positives and lack of awareness and training as major barriers in offering HIV testing in dental setting. The study further suggests that there is a need introduce special training programs that will train and raise awareness on HIV management and HIV testing among dentists.

Keywords: HIV; Health; Patients; Dentists

Citation: Ngaihte PC, Santella AJ, Ngaihte E, Watt RG, Raj SS, et al. (2017) Indian Dentist’s Knowledge, Attitudes, and Willingness to Conduct HIV Testing: A Qualitative Study. J Interdiscipl Med Dent Sci 5: 219. Doi: 10.4172/2376-032X.1000219

Copyright: © 2017 Ngaihte PC, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

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