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Influence of Plant Spacing and Seed Tuber Size on Yield and Quality of Potato (<em>Solanum tuberosum</em> L.) in Central Ethiopia | OMICS International| Abstract
ISSN: 2329-8863

Advances in Crop Science and Technology
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  • Research Article   
  • Adv Crop Sci Tech 2018, Vol 6(6): 406
  • DOI: 10.4172/2329-8863.1000406

Influence of Plant Spacing and Seed Tuber Size on Yield and Quality of Potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) in Central Ethiopia

Zebenay Dagne1*, Nigussie Dechassa2 and Wassu Mohammed2
1Ethiopian Institute of Agriculture Research (EIAR), Holetta Research Centre, PO Box 2003, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
2School of Plant Sciences, College of Agriculture and Environmental Sciences, Haramaya University, PO Box 138, Dire Dawa, Ethiopia
*Corresponding Author : Zebenay Dagne, Ethiopian Institute of Agriculture Research (EIAR), Holetta Research Centre, PO Box 2003 Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, Tel: 0913659100, Email: [email protected]

Received Date: Sep 19, 2018 / Accepted Date: Nov 28, 2018 / Published Date: Dec 06, 2018

Abstract

Plant spacing and seed tuber size are important agronomic management practices in the production of potato. However, potato farmers in Ethiopia often use haphazard plant spacing and seed tuber sizes, which contribute to the low yield of the crop. A study was designed to elucidating the effect of varied plant spacing and seed tuber sizes on yield and quality of potato. Average tuber weight was significantly affected by combined effects of plant spacing and seed tuber sizes. The highest average tuber weight (119.61 g) was obtained from 35-45 mm seed tuber sizes and at 75 × 30 cm plant spacing treatment combinations. Total tuber yield and marketable tuber yield significantly affected by plant spacing and seed tuber size where the maximum marketable tuber yield (33.68 t ha-1) and total tuber yields (34.38 t ha-1) were obtained at spacing of 60 × 30 cm and 50 × 20 cm, respectively, while highest total and marketable tuber yields of 36.16 and 37.65 t ha-1, respectively, obtained from large-sized tubers (>56 mm). The yield of Starch was significantly affected by seed tuber sizes but, did not influenced significantly on specific gravity and tuber dry matter content of potato. The use of medium plant spacing 60 × 30 cm under seed tubers size of 35-45 mm are recommended for potato production over than other seed tubers size and plant spacing combinations, farmers can use to get maximum yield.

Keywords: Plant spacing; Seed tuber size; Yield; Tuber quality

Citation: Dagne Z, Dechassa N, Mohammed W (2018) Influence of Plant Spacing and Seed Tuber Size on Yield and Quality of Potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) in Central Ethiopia. Adv Crop Sci Tech 6: 406. Doi: 10.4172/2329-8863.1000406

Copyright: © 2018 Dagne Z, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

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