Integrated Pest Management with Reference to INM
Archana U Singh* and Prasad D
Division of Nematology, IARI, New Delhi, India
- *Corresponding Author:
- Archana U Singh
Division of Nematology, IARI, New Delhi-12, India
E-mail: [email protected]
Received January 22, 2016; Accepted March 11, 2016; Published March 18, 2016
Citation: Singh AU, Prasad D (2016) Integrated Pest Management with Reference to INM. Adv Crop Sci Tech 4:220. doi:10.4172/2329-8863.1000220
Copyright: © 2016 Singh AU, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Modern agriculture is highly input intensive and greatly dependent on chemical pesticides for the control of insect pests, diseases and nematodes. Indiscriminate and excessive use of pesticides in agriculture has played havoc with agro-ecosystem by polluting water and food chains and causing emergence of pesticide resistance both in target and non-target pests. INM techniques recognize the importance of biological control used against noxious nematodes. This approach being knowledge based has great flexibility and contributes admirably to the preservation of ecosystem and sustainable agriculture. In the context of changing cropping pattern and the environmental degradation, strategies are needed to minimize present use of organic inputs hence, INM assumed is a part of ecosystem especially artificial ecosystem. However, now a days INM has evolved more as a holistic approach in crop protection.