Isolation of Marine Bacteria From Visakhapatnam Coast For Degradation of Oil
- *Corresponding Author:
- Kiranmai Reddy M,
Environmental Sciences, GITAM Institute of Technology
GITAM University, Visakhapatnam
Andhra Pradesh, India
E-mail: [email protected]
Received date: March 08, 2017; Accepted date: April 04, 2017; Published date: April 06, 2017
Citation: Kiranmai MR, Anima SD (2017) Isolation of Marine Bacteria From Visakhapatnam Coast For Degradation of Oil. J Bioremediat Biodegrad 8:392. doi:10.4172/2155-6199.1000392
Copyright: © 2016 2017 Kiranmai MR, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Marine waters are the receivers of many wastes from different sources such as food waste, raw material extraction, recreational use, waste disposal and transportation. In addition to this ship trafficking and industry releases enormous amounts of oil and grease to waters. The aim of the present study was to isolate bacterial strain from marine waters of Visakhapatnam coastal area in order to a strain suitable for the degradation of oil and grease. Many bacterial strains were isolated including Aeromonas hydrophilia, Bacillus cereus, Bacillus subtiles, Enterobacter aerogenes, Escherichia coli, Proteus vulgaris, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Salmonella typhimurium, Staphylococcus aureus. The results showed that the degradation of oil and grease was possible by the application of extracted bacterial isolates. In our study, Bacillus cereus was identified as an efficient degrader of oil and grease compared to other isolates. This study helped to identify native marine bacteria from the polluted site which can be potentially used in biodegradation process of oil and grease.