alexa Knowledge, Attitude and Practices of HIV Post Exposure Prophylaxis Amongst Health Workers in Lagos University Teaching Hospital
ISSN: 2329-6879

Occupational Medicine & Health Affairs
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Research Article

Knowledge, Attitude and Practices of HIV Post Exposure Prophylaxis Amongst Health Workers in Lagos University Teaching Hospital

Ajibola Sarah O1*, Akinbami Akinsegun A2, Elikwu Charles J3, Adediran Adewumi4, Odesanya Majeed5 and Uche Ebele2

1 Department of Haematology Ben Carson School of Medicine, Babcock University Teaching Hospital, Ilisan-Remo, Ogun State, Nigeria

2 Department of Haematology, Lagos State University College of Medicine, Ikeja, Lagos, Nigeria

3 Department of Medical Microbiology Ben Carson School of Medicine, Babcock University Teaching Hospital, Ilisan-Remo, Ogun State, Nigeria

4 Department of Haematology and Blood Transfusion, College of Medicine of the University of Lagos, Idi-Araba, Lagos, Nigeria

5 Oak Hospitals Ikorodu, Lagos, Nigeria

*Corresponding Author:
Ajibola Sarah
Department of Haematology Ben Carson School of Medicine
Babcock University Teaching Hospital
Ilisan-Remo, Ogun State, Nigeria
Tel: +234-802-725-1292
E-mail: [email protected]

Received date: December 23, 2014; Accepted date: February 12, 2014; Published date: February 18, 2014

Citation: Sarah OA, Akinsegun AA, Charles JE, Adewumi A, Majeed O, et al. (2014) Knowledge, Attitude and Practices of HIV Post Exposure Prophylaxis Amongst Health Workers in Lagos University Teaching Hospital. Occup Med Health Aff 2:149. doi: 10.4172/2329-6879.1000149

Copyright: © 2014 Sarah OA, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

 

Abstract

Background: Timely PEP after needle stick exposure to high risk body fluids can reduce the rate of occupational transmission significantly. Ignorance of this may increase the risk of seroconversion to HIV for healthcare workers. This study was conducted with the aim of demonstrating the current level of knowledge of healthcare workers as regards PEP. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study, pretested questionnaire were self-administered to 372 health workers from various clinical specialties. The responses were collated and analysed; results were presented in frequency tables. Result: This study revealed a high level of awareness among the respondents as 83.3% were aware of PEP. Despite the high level of awareness, respondents still have an inadequate knowledge about PEP, only 32% of the respondents could name at least two of the recommended drugs for PEP, only 54.0% of respondents knew when to commence PEP following occupational exposure to HIV. There was a low level of practice of PEP among the respondents as only 6.3% of respondents had PEP despite occurrence of needle stick injury. Conclusion: This study revealed a general low level use of PEP despite the average knowledge of PEP and the favourable attitude towards HIV PEP amongst the respondents.

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