alexa Nutritional and Bioactive Compounds: Evaluation of Pleu
ISSN: 2155-6199

Journal of Bioremediation & Biodegradation
Open Access

Like us on:
OMICS International organises 3000+ Global Conferenceseries Events every year across USA, Europe & Asia with support from 1000 more scientific Societies and Publishes 700+ Open Access Journals which contains over 50000 eminent personalities, reputed scientists as editorial board members.

Open Access Journals gaining more Readers and Citations

700 Journals and 15,000,000 Readers Each Journal is getting 25,000+ Readers

This Readership is 10 times more when compared to other Subscription Journals (Source: Google Analytics)

Research Article

Nutritional and Bioactive Compounds: Evaluation of Pleurotus pulmonarius (Fries) Quel. Fruit Bodies Grown on Different Wood Logs in Abia State, Nigeria

Nwoko MC1, Onyeizu UR2*, Okwulehie IC1 and Ukoima HN3

1Department of Plant Science and Biotechnology, Michael Okpara University of Agriculture, Umudike, Nigeria

2Department of Environmental Management and Toxicology, Michael Okpara University of Agriculture, Umudike, Nigeria

3Department of Forestry and Environment, Rivers State University of Science and Technology, Port Harcourt, Rivers State, Nigeria

*Corresponding Author:
Onyeizu UR
Department of Environmental Management and Toxicology
Michael Okpara University of Agriculture
Umudike, Nigeria
Tel: +2348065189734
E-mail: [email protected]

Received date: Febraury 28, 2017; Accepted date: April 05, 2017; Published date: April 07, 2017

Citation: Nwoko MC, Onyeizu UR, Okwulehie IC, Ukoima HN (2017) Nutritional and Bioactive Compounds: Evaluation of Pleurotus pulmonarius (Fries) Quel. Fruit Bodies Grown on Different Wood Logs in Abia State, Nigeria. J Bioremediat Biodegrad 8:393. doi: 10.4172/2155-6199.1000393

Copyright: © 2017 Nwoko MC, et al. This is an open-a ccess article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

 

Abstract

This study was conducted to determine the nutritional and bioactive compounds composition of Pleurotus pulmonarius fruit bodies cultivated on tree logs of Dacryodes edulis, Mangifera indica and Treculia africana. Pure mycelium culture of P. pulmonarius was aseptically bulked in sorghum grains. Logs were cut into average length of 18 cm with inoculation holes of 3 cm × 15 mm diameter; using high speed drill (HSD) of 5 drill bit and allowed to decompose for 8 months. During mushroom cultivation, logs were soaked in tap water for 24 hrs and pasteurized at 80°C in an improvised metallic drum (IMD) for 1 hour; using cooking gas as heat source and allowed to cool overnight. 10 g of grain based spawn was inserted into 2/3 of each hole by way of inoculation and sealed with sterile polybag for mycelium incubation. Polybags were cut open after spawn run following primordial initiation. Fruit bodies were harvested at maturity, sundried ground and packed in airtight container prior to further analysis. Data was analysed using Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) and mean separation by Duncan Multiple Range Test (DMRT) while levels of significance were determined at 5%. Results indicate that P. pulmonarius fruit bodies harvested from various tree logs were significantly different p<0.05 in their nutritional and bioactive compounds composition. Fruit body samples were rich in protein, carbohydrates, Na, K, and Ca. It was also observed that fruit bodies contained significant amount of Alkaloids, Tannins and Saponins; and could be useful in drug synthesis. Therefore adopting this technique in oyster mushroom cultivation would lead to more jobs creation and food security; but this must be done with careful regulations to avoid indiscriminate falling of trees.

Keywords

Share This Page

Additional Info

Loading
Loading Please wait..
 
Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords