alexa

GET THE APP

Pain and Placebo | OMICS International | Abstract
ISSN: 2167-0846

Journal of Pain & Relief
Open Access

Our Group organises 3000+ Global Conferenceseries Events every year across USA, Europe & Asia with support from 1000 more scientific Societies and Publishes 700+ Open Access Journals which contains over 50000 eminent personalities, reputed scientists as editorial board members.

Open Access Journals gaining more Readers and Citations
700 Journals and 15,000,000 Readers Each Journal is getting 25,000+ Readers

This Readership is 10 times more when compared to other Subscription Journals (Source: Google Analytics)

Pain and Placebo

Sandeep Kapur1, Rosy Dunham2* and Shyam Balasubramanian3
1Consultant in Pain Medicine & Anaesthesia, University Hospitals Birmingham NHS Foundation Trust, Birmingham, UK
2Department of Anaesthetics, West Midlands Central Deanery, Birmingham, UK
3Consultant in Pain Medicine & Anaesthesia, University Hospitals Coventry & Warwickshire NHS Trust, Coventry, UK
*Corresponding Author: Rosy Dunham, Anaesthetic Trainee, West Midlands Central Deanery, UK 23 Newbury Close, Abbeyfield, Halesowen, Birmingham, B62 8SW, UK, Email: [email protected]

Received Date: Feb 18, 2021 / Accepted Date: Mar 26, 2021 / Published Date: Apr 02, 2021

Citation: Kapur S, Dunham R, Balasubramanian S (2021) Pain and Placebo. J Pain Relief 10: 370.

Copyright: © 2021 Kapur S, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

 

Abstract

Expectation of pain relief can reduce pain and prior positive experiences increase the analgesic responses to subsequent placebo. Placebo effect is the positive beneficial response after receiving a placebo. Nocebo effects are the negative responses after receiving a placebo, which are usually minor, but can be life threatening. Endogenous neuropeptides such as opioids, dopamine, serotonin and cannabinoids are released in placebo analgesia. Part of the placebo response is mediated by intrinsic cognitive factors, alone or in combination with extrinsic environmental factors.

Keywords

Top