Sandeep Kapur | OMICS International
ISSN: 2167-0846

Journal of Pain & Relief
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Sandeep Kapur


Pain and Placebo

Expectation of pain relief can reduce pain and prior positive experiences increase the analgesic responses to subsequent placebo. Placebo effect is the positive beneficial response after receiving a placebo. Nocebo effects are the negative responses after receiving a placebo, which are usually minor, but can be life threatening. Endogenous neuropep... Read More»

Sandeep Kapur, Rosy Dunham and Shyam Balasubramanian


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