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Recent Advances and Applications of Biosensors in Novel Technology | OMICS International| Abstract
ISSN: 2090-4967

Biosensors Journal
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  • Review Article   
  • Biosens J 2017, Vol 6(2): 145
  • DOI: 10.4172/2090-4967.1000145

Recent Advances and Applications of Biosensors in Novel Technology

Rajpoot K*
Department of Pharmaceutical Research, Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Guru Ghasidas Vishwavidyalaya (A Central University) Bilaspur-495 009, , Chhattisgarh, India
*Corresponding Author : Rajpoot K, Department of Pharmaceutical Research, Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Guru Ghasidas Vishwavidyalaya (A Central University) Bilaspur-495 009, Chhattisgarh, India, Tel: 077522 60353, Email: [email protected]

Received Date: Jun 27, 2017 / Accepted Date: Aug 24, 2017 / Published Date: Aug 30, 2017

Abstract

In recent time, several novel biosensors such as enzyme based, immunosensors, tissue-based, DNA biosensors, piezoelectric, and thermal biosensors have been explored with high sensitivity by many research groups. These biosensors exhibit many essential benefits, including operational simplicity, remarkable sensitivity, low-cost instrumentation, the potential of automation, inherent miniaturization. They have offered elegant paths for the detection of even trace amounts of analytical agents of biological significance existing from macromolecules (e.g., disease biomarkers and antigens) and small molecules (e.g., natural toxins and haptens) to cells, viruses, and bacteria. Many electrochemical techniques viz., amperometry and voltammetry, photoelectrochemistry, electrochemiluminescence, impedance, piezoelectricity, potentiometry, alternating current electrohydrodynamics, and field-effect transistor have been utilized in the development of immunoassays to attain high sensitivity for electrochemical signal transduction. Recent developments in biological methods and instrumentation after using fluorescence tag to various nanocarriers such as nanoparticles, nanowires, nanotubes, etc. have improved the sensitivity of biosensors. Utilization of nucleotides/aptamers, affibodies, molecule imprinted polymers, and peptide arrays offer great tools to prepare advanced biosensors. Merging of nanotechnology with biosensor systems enhanced the diagnostic capability. This review gives an outline of the advances in biosensors technology relating biomedical sciences.

Keywords: Biosensors; Nanomaterials; Electrochemical immunosensor; Optical biosensors; Surface plasmon resonance; Glucose biosensors; Bioreceptors

Citation: Rajpoot K (2017) Recent Advances and Applications of Biosensors in Novel Technology. Biosens J 6: 145. Doi: 10.4172/2090-4967.1000145

Copyright: ©2017 Rajpoot K. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

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