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Socio-Ecological Determinants of Composition of Crop Species in Home Gardens of Southern Ethiopia | OMICS International| Abstract
ISSN: 2329-8863

Advances in Crop Science and Technology
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  • Research Article   
  • Adv Crop Sci Tech,
  • DOI: 10.4172/2329-8863.1000476

Socio-Ecological Determinants of Composition of Crop Species in Home Gardens of Southern Ethiopia

Emebet Getachew1*, Debissa Lemessa2 and Ermias Leulekal2
1Department of Agriculture, Ethiopian Biodiversity Institute, Forest and Rangeland Plant Biodiversity Directorate, P.O.Box-30726, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
2Department of Agriculture and Forestry, Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
*Corresponding Author : Dr. Emebet Getachew, Department of Agriculture, Ethiopian Biodiversity Institute, Forest and Rangeland Plant Biodiversity Directorate, P.O.Box-30726, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, Email: [email protected]

Received Date: Jul 22, 2021 / Accepted Date: Aug 06, 2021 / Published Date: Aug 13, 2021

Abstract

We explored the socio-ecological factors mediating the crop composition in home gardens of southwest Ethiopia. For this, eleven kebeles were purposively selected based on the altitudinal variations that range between 1980-3271 ma.s.l. From each kebele 11 households were randomly selected and in total 121 households were used for the study. Here, a complete plant inventory was undertaken in home gardens along with the socio-economic survey using semi-structured questionnaire. The effects of altitude, woody cover, distance to market and type of crop raiders on species composition was tested using Adonis function. The effects of altitude, woody species richness and home gardens distance to forest edge on crop species richness were tested using Linear Mixed Effect Model within lmer function using R statistical program. The effect of wealth status on crop species richness was tested using One-way ANOVA. Altogether, 45 crop species belonging to 38 genera and 25 families were recorded. The species composition of crops was significantly affected by wood cover in home gardens (P=0.02), altitude (P=0.001), distance to market (P=0.01) and types of crop raiders (P=0.03). Similarly, crop species richness decreased with increasing altitudinal gradient, increased with increasing distance from forest edges and woody plant species richness (P<0.02) and vary among the different wealth categories of the households (P=0.002). Overall, this study denotes that socio-ecological factors determine crop species composition and richness in home gardens of southern Ethiopia.

Keywords: Agro-biodiversity; Agro-ecosystem; Crop composition; Home gardens; Socio-ecological factors; Landscapes

Citation: Getachew E, et al. (2021) Socio-Ecological Determinants of Composition of Crop Species in Home Gardens of Southern Ethiopia. ACST 9: 476. Doi: 10.4172/2329-8863.1000476

Copyright: © 2021 Getachew E, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

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