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ISSN: 2157-7617

Journal of Earth Science & Climatic Change
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  • Research Article   
  • J Earth Sci Clim Change,
  • DOI: 10.4172/2157-7617.1000459

Technological Interventions in Delineation of Palaeochannels for Groundwater Development in Sangrur District in Punjab

Khursheed Ahmad Parray1, Singh KP2,3 and Humaira Qadri4*
1Department of Geology and Environmental Sciences, Sri Pratap College Campus, Cluster University, Srinagar, Jammu and Kashmir, India
2Centre of Advanced Studies in Geology, Punjab University, Chandigarh, India
3Directorate of Punjab Remote Sensing Centre Ludhiana, , India
4Department of Environmental Science, Sri Pratap College Campus, Cluster University Srinagar, Srinagar, Jammu and Kashmir, India
*Corresponding Author : Humaira Qadri, Department of Geology and Environmental Sciences, Sri Pratap College Campus, Cluster University, Srinagar, Jammu And Kashmir, India, Tel: +91-9797794867, Email: [email protected]

Received Date: Jan 25, 2018 / Accepted Date: Mar 26, 2018 / Published Date: Mar 30, 2018

Abstract

Indo-Gangetic plains are categorized as over stressed due to intense agricultural practices specifically dependent on ground water extraction. The exploitation of all resources in general and groundwater resources in particular are posing a serious threat to sustenance of flora and fauna. In the present study an effort has been made to demarcate the palaeochannels of Sangrur district, Punjab (29 40’ and 30 38’N, 75 16’and 76 10’E) with the help of sophisticated tools like GIS and satellite remote sensing which provides synoptic, multi-spectral and multi-temporal coverage. Neotectonic movements in the Late Quaternary lead to change in the direction of the flow of various drainage systems. The migration and later on abandonment of these drainage systems have given rise to number of dry Palaeochannels which are seen as great potential source of groundwater in the study area where groundwater levels are steeply declining. Inference of drilling data proposes that vertical thickness of palaeochannels ranges between 70 to 140 meters, constituted of alternating layers of fine to medium sands with occasional gravels. Groundwater quality along these palaeochannels are of good quality hence makes it a future target area for groundwater exploitation. Technological interventions are need of the hour to develop our resources on sustainable approach as it will help us to demarcate and quantify these resources for sustainable development and this study is an attempt in this direction.

Keywords: Neotectonic; Quaternary; Drainage; Groundwater; Palaeochannels; GIS; Remote sensing

Citation: Parray KA, Singh KP, Qadri H (2018) Technological Interventions in Delineation of Palaeochannels for Groundwater Development in Sangrur District in Punjab. J Earth Sci Clim Change 9: 459. Doi: 10.4172/2157-7617.1000459

Copyright: © 2018 Parray KA, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

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