Tetanus at Yalgado Ouédraogo University Hospital Center in Ouagadougou from 2000 to 2014
Received Date: Mar 28, 2018 / Accepted Date: Apr 09, 2018 / Published Date: Apr 12, 2018
Introduction/Mission: In Burkina Faso, tetanus remains a public health problem. The aim of the study was to describe the epidemiological, clinical and evolutionary profile of tetanus at the Yalgado University Hospital Center in Ouagadougou.
Patients and methods: We conducted a descriptive cross-sectional study of tetanus cases admitted in the department of infectious diseases from January 2000 to June 2014. The data were collected from the clinical records of hospitalized patients.
Results: The frequency of tetanus in the hospital was 2.6% and the average admission was 10.2 cases per year. Of the 92 cases of tetanus reported, the mean age was 29.2 ± 18.8 years. The group age of 15-45 accounted for 62% of the patients. Farmers (36.5%), unemployed (28.5%) and informal sector workers (21.5%) were the most represented occupations. The patients were mostly unvaccinated against tetanus (97.8%). The main points of entry were integumentary (68%) and surgical (16.5%). Complications were mostly infectious (14%) and the lethality was 35.5%.
Conclusion: Tetanus is endemic in Burkina Faso and affects the active layer of the population. Sensitization of populations on the interest of anti-tetanus prophylaxis is essential.
Keywords: Tetanus; Endemic; Farmers; Complication; Burkina Faso
Citation: Sondo KA, Zoungrana J, Savadogo M, Hien SJM, Diallo I, et al. (2018) Tetanus at Yalgado Ouédraogo University Hospital Center in Ouagadougou from 2000 to 2014. J Infect Dis Ther 6: 358. Doi: 10.4172/2332-0877.1000358
Copyright: © 2018 Sonda KA, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium.
Select your language of interest to view the total content in your interested language
Share This Article
- Total views: 1188
- [From(publication date): 0-2018 - Jan 24, 2020]
- Breakdown by view type
- HTML page views: 1133
- PDF downloads: 55