alexa Tetanus at Yalgado Ouand#233;draogo University Hospital Center in Ouagadougou from 2000 to 2014 | OMICS International| Abstract
ISSN: 2332-0877

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  • Research Article   
  • J Infect Dis Ther 2017, Vol 6(2): 358
  • DOI: 10.4172/2332-0877.1000358

Tetanus at Yalgado Ouédraogo University Hospital Center in Ouagadougou from 2000 to 2014

Sonda KA1,2*, Zoungrana J3, Savadogo M1,2, Hien SJM1, Diallo I2, Diallo I, Poda A3, Ouédraogo AG1, Diendéré EA1, Sanou AS4, Ngaha LA1, Kaboré M1, Kyelem CG3, Ouédraogo MS3 and Drabo YJ2
1Department of Infectious Diseases, University Hospital Center, Yalgado Ouedraogo, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso
2Unit of Training and Research in Health Sciences(Ouaga University 1 Pr Joseph KiZerbo), , Burkina Faso
3Institute of Health Sciences, Polytechnic University of Bobo Dioulasso, Burkina Faso
4Centre for International Health (CIH), Department of Global Public Health and Primary Health Care, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway
*Corresponding Author : Sonda KA, Department of Infectious Diseases, University Hospital Center, Yalgado Ouedraogo, 01 Ouagadougou BP 815 Ouagadougou 01, Burkina Faso, Tel: 0022670077198, Email: [email protected]

Received Date: Mar 28, 2018 / Accepted Date: Apr 09, 2018 / Published Date: Apr 12, 2018

Abstract

Introduction/Mission: In Burkina Faso, tetanus remains a public health problem. The aim of the study was to describe the epidemiological, clinical and evolutionary profile of tetanus at the Yalgado University Hospital Center in Ouagadougou.
Patients and methods: We conducted a descriptive cross-sectional study of tetanus cases admitted in the department of infectious diseases from January 2000 to June 2014. The data were collected from the clinical records of hospitalized patients.
Results:
The frequency of tetanus in the hospital was 2.6% and the average admission was 10.2 cases per year. Of the 92 cases of tetanus reported, the mean age was 29.2 ± 18.8 years. The group age of 15-45 accounted for 62% of the patients. Farmers (36.5%), unemployed (28.5%) and informal sector workers (21.5%) were the most represented occupations. The patients were mostly unvaccinated against tetanus (97.8%). The main points of entry were integumentary (68%) and surgical (16.5%). Complications were mostly infectious (14%) and the lethality was 35.5%.
Conclusion:
Tetanus is endemic in Burkina Faso and affects the active layer of the population. Sensitization of populations on the interest of anti-tetanus prophylaxis is essential.

Keywords: Tetanus; Endemic; Farmers; Complication; Burkina Faso

Citation: Sondo KA, Zoungrana J, Savadogo M, Hien SJM, Diallo I, et al. (2018) Tetanus at Yalgado Ouédraogo University Hospital Center in Ouagadougou from 2000 to 2014. J Infect Dis Ther 6: 358. Doi: 10.4172/2332-0877.1000358

Copyright: © 2018 Sonda KA, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium.

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