Yogyakarta's Environmental Health in Relation to Modernization
Introduction: In Jogjakarta-Indonesia there are many activities in the rural areas, for example gold mining, iron mining, transportation and the like. There are some new things which some people may think is modernization, which will be for welfare of all.
Like the coming of RatuAdil or Mesias in the Javanese thinking as what already stated in the writing of Jayabaya the King of Kediri Kingdom which stated that the welfare of society will come someday in the future, then based on that people accept almost everything that come to their community, for instances the ideas of development, modernization, industry, transportation, migration, and the like, because of almost understood that the community can do nothing.
There are many projects, for instances traditional gold mining in Kulon Progo, electroplating home industry in Kotagede, electricity industry in Sleman, iron industry in Kulon Progo, leather industry in Kotagede, battery recycling industry in Sorosutan, and so on where there are many activities that need to be taken in relation to the health of community.
Method and Discussion: This paper is developed based on library study from many researches which were already done in Jogjakarta. There are pesticide contaminations both in vegetable products and in the human blood of farmers that works in Jogjakarta, Central Java Province and Jambi Province of Sumatra; mercury inside the blood of traditional gold mining labours of Kulon Progo, mercury that contaminated to well water of the indigenous communities surround the electricity industry in Sleman-Jogjakarta, lead inside the urine and blood of labours of Jogjakarta’s bus transportation, bacteria inside river water that lays near to traditional rural living areas of Central Java. In relation to the above problems then there are minamata diseases, lead intoxications with the symptoms of plumbism, and so on.
Conclusion: There are many community health problems especially among the communities, and there is a need to have the best solution to be implemented in the fields to achieve the best health level of the community in Yogyakarta, Java, Indonesia.