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Description of the country:
South Africa is a country on the southernmost tip of the African continent, marked by several distinct ecosystems and it is officially known as Republic of South Africa.
Geography of the country:
South Africa is located at the southernmost region of Africa, with a long coastline that stretches more than 2,500 km (1,553 mi) and along two oceans i.e., the South Atlantic and the Indian. South Africa is the 25th-largest country in the world and its size is comparable to Columbia. In the south-west corner of the country the Cape Peninsula forms the southernmost tip of the coastal strip which borders the Atlantic Ocean, and ultimately terminates at the country’s border with Namibia at the Orange River.
Status of economy, research and development:
South Africa has a mixed economy, the second largest in Africa after Nigeria. South Africa has shifted from a primary and secondary economy in the mid-twentieth century to an economy driven primarily by the tertiary sector in the present day which accounts for an estimated 65% of GDP or $230 billion in nominal GDP terms.
Status about the different subjects in which extensive research is going on:
In Physics, Medicine and Chemistry, this island nation produced 12 Nobel laureates so far. South Africa is a parliamentary republic, although unlike most such republics the President is both head of state and head of government, and depends for his tenure on the confidence of Parliament. Numerous Social and political science journals are published from South Africa in order to encourage a transnational and global study of South African Politics. Several leading Institution in the country including University of South Africa, University of Pretoria, and others are spearheading the research. The Department of Social and political science covers a wide range of research and publication interests with particular focus on the areas of South African politics and policy analysis, civil-military relations, comparative politics, political ethics, intellectual history and local government.