Description of the country:
Indonesia is a Southeast Asian Country situated between the Indian and Pacific Ocean. Indonesia is surrounded by other countries which include Singapore, the Philippines, Australia, Palau, and the Indian territory of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands. The name Indonesia is derived from the Greek translation of the Indus River and the word nèsos, which means "Indian island".
Geography of the country:
Indonesia consists of 17,000 islands, the largest of which include Sumatra, Java, Bali, Kalimantan, Sulawesi, the Nusa Tenggara islands, the Moluccas Islands, and Irian Jaya. Indonesia has the largest number of active volcanoes in the world and earthquakes are also frequent. Indonesia is the world's 15th largest country in terms of area. Indonesia's size, tropical climate, and archipelagic geography, support the world's second highest level of biodiversity after Brazil.
Status of economy, research and development:
Indonesia is having 16th largest economy as per nominal GDP in the world, and 8th by GDP (PPP). The country is also a member of G-20 major economies and classified as a newly industrialized country. Indonesia has faced severe financial and economic crisis in the mid1997 but the economy has recovered since 1999 and has accelerated to over 4–6% in recent years. As many other developing countries, Indonesia is not considered as world's leading country in science and technology developments. However, Indonesia supports the generation and transfer of scientific knowledge and technologies. Major areas of research include robotics, aerospace & transportation and information & communication technology.
Status about the different subjects in which extensive research is going on:
Indonesian Research Center for Veterinary Sciences is the leading institute conducting toxicological studies.