Description of the country:
The third largest country of the world, the United States of America is located in North America between Mexico and Canada. Mexico is located in the south of USA and Canada is situated in the north of USA. Washington D.C is its capital city. The U.S. is generally divided into six large regions: New England; the mid-Atlantic; the South; the Midwest; the Southwest, and the West.
Geography of the country:
USA is a federal republic composed of 50 states, the federal district of Washington, D.C., five major territories. The 48 contiguous states and Washington, D.C., are in central North America between Canada and Mexico. The state of Alaska is in the northwestern part of North America and the state of Hawaii is an archipelago in the mid-Pacific. The territories are scattered about the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea. At 3.8 million square miles and with over 320 million people, the country is the world's third largest by total area (fourth largest by land area) and the third most populous.
Status of economy, research and development:
The end of World War II marked the beginning of a golden era for the U.S economy. This period was marked by a surge in economic activity and productivity, a growing and more prosperous rise in the generations. Despite facing challenges at the domestic level, the United States is the world's largest national economy in nominal terms and second largest according to purchasing power parity (PPP), representing 22% of nominal global GDP and 17% of gross world product (GWP). Americans continue to lose economic freedom. Following declines in seven of the past eight years, the United States this year has equaled its worst score ever in the Index of Economic Freedom. Ratings for labor freedom, business freedom, and fiscal freedom have flagged notably, and the regulatory burden is increasingly costly. The country is pioneer in advanced research in science and technology, army research, development and engineering command.
Status about the toxicology in which extensive research is going on:
The National Center for Toxicological Research (NCTR), is the only FDA Center located outside the Washington D.C. metropolitan area. The one-million square foot research campus in Jefferson, Arkansas plays a critical role in the missions of FDA and the Department of Health and Human Services to promote and protect public health. NCTR provides interdisciplinary toxicology research solutions and consultations that support and anticipate future FDA needs to guard and improve personal and public health. There are 347 Noble Laureates in this country in the fields of biochemistry, economic science, biophysics, peace, literature, physiology or medicine. The Toxicology Research Laboratory (TRL) is an independent contract research unit located within the Department of Pharmacology at the University of Illinois at Chicago (UIC) with in close proximity of four major hospitals. This gives TRL a unique opportunity to collaborate with world renowned experts in specific areas of research. The Hamner Institutes for Health Sciences brings together safety assessments for chemicals and drugs. It strives to be "the translational research model for the 21st century."