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Saudi Arabia is known as the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA). It is an Arab state in Western Asia. It is bordered by Jordan and Iraq to the north, Kuwait to the northeast, Qatar, Bahrain, and the United Arab Emirates to the east, Oman to the southeast, and Yemen to the south. It is the only nation with both a Red Sea coast and a Persian Gulf coast. It is sometimes called "the Land of the Two Holy Mosques" in reference to Al-Masjid al-Haram (in Mecca), and Al-Masjid an-Nabawi (in Medina), the two holiest places in Islam.
Saudi Arabia occupies about 80% of the Arabian Peninsula. Saudi Arabia's geography is dominated by the Arabian Desert and associated semi-desert and shrubland. Saudi Arabia is geographically the fifth largest state in Asia and second-largest state in the Arab world. It has a number of linked deserts and includes the 647,500 km2 (250,001 sq mi) Rub' al Khali ("Empty Quarter") in the southern part of the country, the world's largest contiguous sand desert. There are virtually no rivers or lakes in the country, but wadis are numerous. The main topographical feature is the central plateau which rises abruptly from the Red Sea and gradually descends into the Nejd and toward the Persian Gulf.
Saudi Arabia is the world's leading oil exporter and second largest producer. About one quarter of world oil reserves in Saudi Arabia. The petroleum sector accounts for roughly 92.5% of Saudi budget revenues, 97% of export earnings, and 55% of GDP. Other 40% of GDP comes from the private sector.Technological advances enabled Saudi Arabia to lead the world. The country is pioneer in advanced research in Advanced Membranes and Porous materials.
In Chemistry, this nation produced 18 Nobel laureates so far. There are many lists of chemistry journals which emphasize in the field of chemistry and Russia is one of the countries which maintain chemistry journals in regular frequency. Diabetes research in Saudi Arabia was funded through King Abdulaziz City for Science and Technology. There have been numerous lists of chemistry journals in Saudi such as Russian Journal of Chemistry and Chemical Sciences and many other Saudi Arabia chemistry journals which are running with good number of articles and good reputation.