South Africa is known as the Republic of South Africa. It is bounded on the south by 2,798 kilometers of coastline of Southern Africa stretching along the South Atlantic and Indian Oceans, on the north by the neighboring countries of Namibia, Botswana and Zimbabwe, and on the east by Mozambique and Swaziland, and surrounding the kingdom of Lesotho. South Africa is the 25th-largest country in the world by land area, and with close to 53 million people, is the world's 24th-most populous nation.
South Africa is located at the southernmost region of Africa. South Africa is the 25th-largest country in the world and is comparable in size to Colombia. The interior of South Africa consists of a vast, in most places, almost flat, plateau, highest in the east, sloping gently downwards towards the west and north, and slightly less so to the south and south-west. This plateau is surrounded by the Great Escarpment whose eastern and highest stretch is known as the Drakensberg. Mafadi in the Drakensberg at 3,450 m (11,320 ft) is the highest peak in South Africa.
South Africa today is a developed country and a newly industrialized country. Its economy is the second-largest in Africa and the 34th-largest in the world. In terms of purchasing power parity, South Africa has the seventh-highest per capita income in Africa. The NRF (National Research Foundation) promotes research through funding, human resource development and the provision of research facilities in order to facilitate knowledge creation, innovation and development in all areas of science and technology.
In Chemistry, this nation produced 2 Nobel laureates so far. The CSIR (Council for Scientific and Industrial Research) is the largest scientific and technological research, development and implementation organization in Africa. There are many lists of chemistry journals which emphasize in the field of chemistry and Russia is one of the countries which maintain chemistry journals in regular frequency. South Africa works to tackle the epidemics of HIV and tuberculosis, alongside the development of critical health services capable of reaching those most vulnerable. The international university rankings indicate that South Africa's university system is the strongest on the continent. It is home to five of the six highest ranked African universities, including the two campuses consistently ranked as academically strongest in Africa, University of Cape Town and University of the Witwatersrand. Numerous chemistry journals are published from south Africa with good reputation. There have been numerous lists of chemistry journals in Saudi such as Russian Journal of Chemistry and Chemical Sciences and many other Saudi Arabia chemistry journals which are running with good number of articles and good reputation.